Second Book of Kings : As its title indicates, it gives continuity to the topics included in the First Book of Kings and is the prelude to the “Books of Chronicles” that follow.
In the old versions of the Bible such as the Vulgate and the 70’s, it is called the Fourth Book of Kings, since Books I and II of Samuel are considered I and II of Kings. In the Jewish Bible it predates the book of Isaiah.
It belongs to the Old Testament and classified within the historical books.
It was written in the middle of the 5th century before Jesus Christ and according to the Talmud it was written by the prophet Jeremiah since it does not allude to the activity of this prophet, nor does he mention his name, although it meticulously collects what Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah and other prophets did for the kings and people at this time when Jeremiah was closely related to the events of recent years. It is considered that he did not think it appropriate to relate what he had stated in his prophecy.
It was written in Hebrew , the language in which it is called Melakhim, that is, Kings.
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- 1 Contents
- 2 Brief Summary
- 3 Prophetic References
- 4 Message
- 5 See in Ecured
- 6 Sources
In II Kings the history of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel is continued, immediately after the death of Solomon (929 BC) and until the fall of Samaria (722 BC) and Jerusalem (587 B.C.).
He makes a genealogical sketch of Judah and Israel, points out Jeroboam’s estrangement from God and the cult of the golden calf, describes the ongoing wars between the subsequent kings of Israel and Judah as far as Ahab and the efforts of Elijah to return the people to God. led astray by Ajab, narrates the destructive alliances between the house of Ajab and the house of David, the miracles, prophecies, and activity of Elisha, the destruction of the race of the Ajab by Jehu, the failed attempt of Athaliah to destroy the house of David, the later line of contemporary kings of Judah and Israel to the end of the last kingdom and the causes of its fall.
The final part deals with the history of the kingdom of Judah after Exequias and how he was released from the power of the Assyrians, from his presumptuous complicity with the Babylonians, which led to Babylonian captivity and exile.
It tells about the reign of Manasseh, whose sins started the ruin of Judah, it talks about the restorer of the Temple: Josiah, who renewed the covenant with God fighting against idolatry and the last kings until the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians. It ends with the release of King Joaquin from his imprisonment.
The narrator judges the conduct of each king, deals more extensively with the history of the kings who fostered or brought religion to a flourishing state (such as Solomon, Hezekiah, Josiah), or who, on the contrary, had done great harm to it (Jeroboam I, Ajab, and Joram); and therefore especially relates what the prophets did to bring the kings and the people back to the observance of the laws of religion and to encourage them.
It begins with the end of Elijah’s prophetic ministry and the beginning of Elisha’s ministry, his disciple and successor.
In its first part it covers the history of the divided kingdom, until the fall of the northern kingdom in 721 BC (chs. 1-17). The second part records the rest of the history of the kingdom of Judah, until the fall of Jerusalem in 586 BC. , deportation to Babylon , mass emigration to Egypt, and the transformation of Judah into a Babylonian province with Gedaliah as governor (chs. 18-25). These last events produce in Israelite history one of its most transcendental changes of course.
Jesus uses the passages of the widow of Sarepta in the First Book of Kings and Naaman in the Second Book of Kings to illustrate God’s great compassion for the poor, the weak, the oppressed, the tax collectors, the Samaritans, the Gentiles and by taking up the examples of a poor widow and a leper, Jesus showed himself as the great doctor who cures and ministers to those who need his grace the most without excluding anyone. (Ephesians 3: 1-6).
Several of Elisha’s miracles announce what Jesus himself would perform: He raised the son of the Shunammite woman (2 Kings 4: 34-35), healed Naaman from leprosy (2 Kings 5: 1-19), and multiplied loaves to feed a hundred people with some leftover (2 Kings 4:42 -44).
The Second Book of Kings has a fundamental message about the existence of one God and one Temple. The prophets warn the people of the near judgment of God and call them to timely repentance. Three themes are prominent: First, the Lord judges his people when they disobey and accept idolatry. Second, the word of the prophets of God is fulfilled because it is the word of the Lord. Third, the Lord is faithful and remembers his promises, and despite the disobedience of the people and the kings, he did not bring total destruction to David’s family.
It confirms that God hates sin and will not allow it to continue indefinitely because a loving father corrects his children for his benefit and to demonstrate that they really belong to him. His Word is trustworthy and always tells the truth.
God’s fidelity to his people never fails and has mercy on everyone because he does not “accept people” (Acts 10:34