Cold feet are usually a nuisance without major implications. However, if this occurs often and is accompanied by pain, it may be due to poor circulation.
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Cold feet are a discomfort that is not usually paid attention to, since it is usual that it only occurs sporadically. However, when it comes to a frequent state, it is worth consulting with the doctor, as it may be the result of poor circulation or other health problems.
This condition is more frequent among women, and most of the time it is not of great importance, especially if it occurs in cold seasons. If it occurs at any time of the year, and is accompanied by other symptoms, there is a chance of poor circulation.
Poor circulation in cold legs and feet are signs that are sometimes accompanied by tingling, numbness, and cramps. If that is your case, it is best to consult a professional.
Poor circulation affects the feet
Keep in mind that the feet are an area very far from the heart, and therefore, the blood has more difficulty in reaching them. This affects so that they almost always have a lower temperature than that of the rest of the body.
If the temperature in the feet is persistently low and very habitual, it is possible that this is the effect of poor circulation . In these cases, not only does the factor of the distance to the heart influence, but there tends to be a problem that hinders blood flow to that area.
Having cold feet in a non-winter season should be a reason for medical consultation
Read on: 5 Keys to Heat Swollen Legs
Frequent causes of poor circulation and cold feet
Peripheral artery disease
In this pathology there is accumulation of plaque, narrowing and hardening of the arteries . Blood flow to the feet and legs is decreased, making the skin pale . Sometimes there is pain, tingling, and muscle problems similar to cramps.
Some people are at higher risk of developing this disease, particularly those with hypertension , high blood cholesterol levels, or smokers. If all these risk factors are combined, the danger is high.
Raynaud’s disease is a disorder of the blood vessels that affects the fingers and toes. In cold or stressful conditions, the vessels constrict and impede blood flow . The episode lasts from 10 minutes to over an hour.
It is common for the skin of the fingers to turn white or bluish, and a numb feeling is experienced. When circulation is restored, the skin turns red, tingling, pain, and palpitations are experienced.
Other causes of cold feet
Poor circulation is not the only factor that leads to cold feet. Sometimes there is a peripheral neuropathy in the background, which is a common neurological disorder in people with diabetes . In this case, the feet feel cold from the patient’s perspective, but when touched they are warm.
Peripheral neuropathy also occurs in people who are deficient in vitamin B, injuries in which there is a compressed nerve, heavy metal poisoning , problematic alcohol use, or autoimmune disorders. Burning feet are also associated, with no apparent explanation.
Diabetic neuropathy may be the first reason for consultation among people who are unaware of their diabetes
Find out more: Diabetic neuropathy
Signs of poor circulation
Symptoms appear long after poor circulation is already present, and that’s a problem. The first signs have to do with excessive tiredness in the feet, pricks and pain. Other signs that are associated are the following:
- Spider veins, which appear due to poor blood return and are web-shaped.
- Varicose veins: a widening of the veins.
- Tingling and cramps when there are fatty deposits blocking the flow. It is a long-term risky condition.
- Changes in the nails of the feet with noticeable thickening and change of coloration turning towards the bluish or violet.
- Changes in the skin of the feet and legs. If brown spots appear, you should go to the specialist as soon as possible.
Watch out for poor circulation!
Having very dry skin, slowly healing wounds in the lower limbs or suffering frequent cramps after moving a few meters, are warning signs that warrant a specialized consultation. Cold feet can be somewhat banal, but we must always be vigilant, so that a more serious pathology does not pass us without realizing it .