Most Famous Black Inventions. Black inventors have made significant contributions to various fields throughout history. Here are ten of the most famous black inventions:
Most Famous Black Inventions.
- Traffic Light: Garrett Morgan, an African American inventor, patented the three-position traffic signal in 1923. His design included the warning “stop” and “go” signs as well as a cautionary “all stop” position to allow pedestrians to cross safely.
- Three-Signal Railway: Another invention by Garrett Morgan was the three-signal traffic control device for railways, which significantly improved railroad safety.
- Super Soaker: Lonnie G. Johnson, an engineer, and inventor, created the Super Soaker water gun in the early 1990s. It became one of the best-selling toys in the United States and revolutionized the toy industry.
- Blood Bank: Dr. Charles Richard Drew, an African American surgeon, developed the concept of blood banks and the first large-scale blood plasma bank during World War II. His work in blood transfusions saved countless lives.
- Carbon Filament Light Bulb: Lewis Latimer, an African American inventor, played a vital role in the development of the carbon filament, which greatly improved the longevity and efficiency of the incandescent light bulb.
- Folding Bed: Sarah Goode, the first African American woman to receive a patent, invented the folding cabinet bed in 1885. It was a space-saving furniture innovation.
- Refrigerated Trucks: Frederick McKinley Jones, an African American inventor and entrepreneur, patented the first practical refrigeration system for long-haul trucks in 1940. His invention revolutionized the transportation of perishable goods.
- Mailbox: Philip B. Downing, an African American inventor, patented the modern street-letter drop mailbox in 1891, which allowed mail to be securely deposited for later collection by postal workers.
- Home Security System: Marie Van Brittan Brown, an African American nurse, and her husband, Albert Brown, developed the first home security system in 1966. Their invention laid the foundation for modern security systems.
- Potato Chip: George Crum, an African American chef, is often credited with inventing the potato chip in 1853. While working at a resort, he sliced potatoes paper-thin and fried them to address a customer’s complaint about thick and soggy fries.
These inventors and their creations have had a profound impact on various industries and aspects of daily life, showcasing the immense talent and ingenuity of black inventors throughout history.