The Midazolam is used to reduce anxiety and cause drowsiness, sedate or anesthetize before certain medical or surgical procedures.
What is Midazolam?
Midazolam is a benzodiazepine . It works on the central nervous system causing drowsiness, muscle relaxation and short-term memory loss and reducing anxiety.
How is Midazolam taken?
Midazolam can be administered orally , by intramuscular injections or by infusion into a vein.
Side effects of Midazolam
Midazolam can cause serious respiratory ailments . Furthermore, it can cause a temporary memory loss (even complete) which can last many hours.
Among its other possible side effects we also find:
- clouded view
- change in blood pressure (in children, low blood pressure)
- changes in breathing
- heart beat changes
- dry mouth
- He retched
- short-term memory loss
- trouble speaking
- pain during the injection
It is essential to notify the doctor immediately in the presence of:
- breathing problems
- feeling of tightness or chest pain
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue
- irregular or slowed breathing
- unusual or involuntary muscle movements
- pain, redness, swelling or sensitivity on the injection area
Contraindications and warnings on the use of Midazolam
Midazolam may not be indicated in the presence of narrow-angle glaucoma , serious psychological or liver disorders, in the presence of alcohol intoxication and if you are taking Delavirdina, Efavirenz, HIV Protease inhibitors or Sodium Oxibate.
Before administration it is essential to warn the doctor:
- the possible allergy to the active substance, its excipients, every other medicine, food or other substances;
- of the drugs, phytotherapy and supplements taken, specifically Carbamazepine, Rifampicin, Hypericum, Azole Antifungals, Barbiturates, Clozapine, Delavirdina, Diltiazem, Disulfiram, Efavirenz, HIV Protease Inhibitors, Ketolides, Macrolides, Nazotics, Nazotics, Narcotics, Sodium Oxibate, Valproic Acid, Verapamil and Idantoine;
- if you suffer (or have suffered) from respiratory disorders, glaucoma, heart, liver or kidney disorders, porphyria or depression;
- in the presence of abuse or dependence on alcohol or drugs (also in the past);
- in the presence of recent alcohol intake;
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding .
It is also necessary to discuss with the doctor the dangers associated with the consumption of grapefruit or its juice .
Midazolam can minimize the ability to drive or operate dangerous machinery. This effect can worsen with the consumption of alcohol and certain medications, especially those that can cause drowsiness.Also, if it is used for long periods of time or if taken in high doses it can be addictive , and stopping it suddenly could cause withdrawal symptoms.