Lutheran Church , preachers of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. Biblical, because it bears witness for the Bible as the foundation of all doctrine and practice. This does not mean that it is against everything that smells like “Roman Catholic”, since the Bible teaches that there is freedom in matters of practice and custom.
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- 1 Lutheranism
- 2 Lutherans
- 3 Body of characteristic doctrines
- 4 What teachings are important to Lutherans?
- 5 Why is the Lutheran Church Evangelical and Catholic?
- 6 Sources
[[Lutheranism is a religious [[Christian [[Protestant] movement founded by the German monk Martin Luther [[(1483-1546). It is considered the date of the 31 of October of 1517 as the day of birth of this branch of Christianity, in which the 95 Theses were placed on the efficacy of indulgences on the door of the Church of All Saints in Wittenberg, Germany.
Lutherans form the first Protestant church to emerge, first in Germany, as a result of the reform movement started by the Augustinian monk Martin Luther. All of his followers, and those who also decided to separate from the then official church – the Roman Catholic Church – were logically called Lutherans.
Clearly, Martin Luther was the genius and hero of that momentous and profound theological revolution that shook the foundations of the authoritarian Roman Church, which dealt an accurate blow to the papal authority, which lashed out against the error and trafficking of indulgences. and that, above all, it was a loud clarinet that awakened the conscience of millions of Europeans, illuminating it with the true biblical truth.
To be fair, the person of Lulero cannot be separated from as necessary as providential reform; the impact of his strong personality gave the Lutheran Church an unmistakable stamp. To understand the latter, one must know the former. The religious revolution began in Lulero himself. The other – the ecclesiastical – was the repercussion of his. Lulero, who was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483, the son of a miner, was a professor at the University of Wiltenberg, Germany, and a passionate religious monk, very studious, of clear menle and impeccable character. Two incidents were the means that God used to produce a profound spiritual transformation in Luther and to use him as the human instrument in the energetic proclamation of eternal truth. They were these: the bullof Pope Leo X , who authorized the sale of indulgences, and the discovery that Luther had made for himself of the cardinal truth of the gospel and that the apostle Paul expressed it thus: “but the just shall live by faith” (Rom. 1:17). If on the one hand the papal bull caused him outrage and cast him, on the other, the New Testament doctrine of justification by faith, the solafide, enlightened his mind and brought peace, joy and security to his penitent religious heart. That radical and blunt experience made Luther the colossus of truth, justice and freedom.
Henceforth, Luther was the fighter, the proclaimer, the investigator, the teacher and guide, the writer and organizer. He appeared before the Emperor Charles V and the representative of the Pope in the Diet of Worms, and with determination affirmed: “… I cannot believe the Pope or the council alone; I adhere to my conscience and to the Word of God … no I can take it back … Here I am, I can’t take it anymore … God help me. ” The Pope excommunicated him, the Elector Frederick of Saxony supported him, and countless people followed him. Luther’s work was consolidated and established. Luther, lover of family life, founded his own home; He did important work as a hymn writer and composer and launched his monumental work into the world: the translation of the Bible into the language of the German people. Lutheran churches today have 69 million adherents in 85 countries around the world. The number of Lutheran members in the United States toward the end of 1973 was 8 million.
Lutheran regional groups are known as districts or synods. They elect delegates to national conventions, and in such capacity they act as “the church.” Lutherans recognize that final authority rests with local congregations, which, in turn, transfer some of this authority to larger corporations.
Body of characteristic doctrines
Lutherans accept the Bible as the Word of God, and also the documents known as the Apostles’ Creed, the Nicene Creed, as well as the Ausburg Confession and Luther’s Catechisms; all of which, and six other “Confessions”, are included in the Book of Concord. They claim to have no doctrines other than the Christian faith, as these are described in the New Testament and summarized in the Apostles’ Creed.
Regarding the ordinances of the gospel, or ” sacraments “, Lutherans believe thus: “The sacraments of baptism and the Lord’s Supper are not considered as mere symbols and memorials, but as channels through which God imparts his grace Lutherans believe that the actual body and blood of Christ are present in, with, and under earthly elements at the Lord’s Supper, and that these are received sacramentally and supernaturally The Lutheran Church believes in infant baptism; Baptized are regarded as having received the potential gift of regeneration from the Holy Spirit and are members of the church, although active membership is acquired after confirmation. ”
According to the Augsburg Confession, “Baptism is necessary for salvation .” In the Small Catechism of Luther it says thus: “Baptism produces forgiveness of sins.” They believe that through faith in Christ a new life begins, which is nourished and strengthened by the gifts of God that come through His Word and the sacraments.
They think the Christian life is a response of thanks to the loving heavenly Father, rather than an obedience to a tough monarch. Among Lutherans, the form of worship and the liturgy are very similar to those of the Catholic Church, of which Luther preserved several things. Luther emphasized the doctrine of the “priesthood of believers”, understanding by this <that the Christian, individually, has access before God and receives his saving grace. Luther rejected the other “sacraments” of the Catholic Church , considering that Christ did not establish them.
Lutherans believe that every Christian is “holy” not in the sense that he is perfect, but that by the grace of God he progresses toward holiness. Sin is, in essence, disobedience to God; it is the basic condition of our personality. The only reason for our existence is to do the will of God our Creator.
Man needs to be rescued and salvation is a gift, a gift from God. When man wants to be saved and believes in Christ, God comes to man and saves him. Only God can save us. In this regard, the sacrifice of Christ on the cross is sufficient and complete.
Lutherans believe in the doctrine of the Holy Trinity; They also believe in heaven and hell, as the final places and states of those who die in Christ and of those who die without the forgiveness of their sins.
Lutherans do not recognize the Pope of Rome as the visible head of the Christian church, nor as Peter’s successor in the institution of the papacy. But they do show great respect for all other churches in Christendom. Regarding divorce, artificial means of contraception and other social issues, they say that the church is not a legislating society, but an agency through which the Holy Spirit molds and directs Christian lives in their growth toward holiness.
Practically and doctrinally, they believe in the separation of church and state, (although in Germany and Northern European countries they functioned as the official state church) and have unanimously opposed the appointment of ambassadors to the Vatican. However, they actively participate in the ecumenical movement so that the different denominations of historical Christianity understand, relate to and cooperate with each other.
What teachings are important to Lutherans?
- The justification. It is received only by grace through faith. Luther became convinced that the Bible taught that forgiveness and salvation are not obtained through “works,” but that it is a gift from God. He found this biblical truth studying the letter of the Apostle Paul to the Romans, which says: “So, now free from guilt thanks to faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. For through Christ we enjoy God’s favor through faith, and we stand firm, and rejoice in the hope of having a part in the glory of God “(Romans 5: 1-12). Luther did not deny that charity, prayer, or many of the rites and religious practices were good, quite the contrary! Only they themselves cannot realize or guarantee salvation. Christ is the one who saves us,
- The Word of God. Jesus Christ is the perfect revelation of God. Therefore he is the Word of God incarnate, the Logos or plan of God for the salvation of the entire world. The Bible is where we find the testimony of Jesus Christ, which is proclaimed today in every Christian church spread throughout the world. The testimony of the Bible is the standard of the faith of the Lutherans.
- The sacraments. Holy Baptism and the Eucharist (or Holy Supper) are considered the only two sacraments. These reflect Jesus’ mandates where divine promise and visible elements (baptismal water, and Eucharistic bread and wine) come together to impart grace and forgiveness to those who gather in community to receive them.
- The Ten Commandments. They were taught in the times of ancient Israel so that the people would love their God and respect their neighbor. But the commandments are not only a guide in what we must do, but they also point out our limitations and the need we always have for grace. They highlight to us that we do not fully fulfill God’s call, that we cannot achieve our salvation by our own efforts. In communion with Christ we live the commandments not as a condemnation but in the joy and hope that springs from faith. Therefore, Lutherans emphasize a commitment and responsibility towards neighbor and creation, which must be expressed in the actions of every believer, such as translating into institutions and social and economic forms that promote peace, justice and integrity of creation.
- The Creeds. These are fundamental to the Christian faith since they express clearly and succinctly what we believe and teach. Not only are they a sign of our fellowship with the early church, but they also signify a standard for our interpretation of the scriptures and of the triune God revealed in them. The Apostolic, Nicene and Athanasian creeds are recognized by the Lutherans.
- The Our Father. It is a prayer that Jesus taught us addressed to our creator and Father. It teaches us how to speak to God, what to expect, and what to ask for. Every Christian life is guided by this prayer, which is the beginning and end of all individual and community prayer.
Why is the Lutheran Church Evangelical and Catholic?
It is evangelical because its message revolves around the person and message of Christ. She is also evangelical for her emphasis on salvation given by grace through faith. This is the good news that our church proclaims, exactly what the word gospel means. Our church shares this good news so that everyone comes to know what God has done and does in Christ. It is Catholic in the sense that it is universal for everyone. Our church is not exclusive or limited to any group. It is a church that seeks unity between Christians and humanity as a whole. It is also Catholic because its traditions and confessions are in continuity with what has been proclaimed by the Christian church since its inception