Santiago , book of the Bible is written to the 12 tribes of Israel, along with the epistles of Peter, John , and Judas , it is part of the so-called general epistles, because they are not addressed to any Christian church in general. The letter contains very little doctrine. It has teaching of morals, ethics, and practical demonstration of personal faith.
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- 1 Location
- 2 Historical emergence of the book
- 3 General View of Santiago
- 4 Contents
- 5 Important verses in Santiago
- 6 Sources
It is a biblical book of the New Testament , which in Christian Bibles is located between the books of Hebrews and 1 Peter .
Historical emergence of the book
James pastor of the Jerusalem church for 30 years, working with the Jewish people , writes to Jews scattered throughout various regions. And they were already leaving grace, for more grace, depending too much on faith, forgetting the works of faith.
Everything had changed radically since that day when Santiago told his half brother what to do if he wanted everyone to know him. Lacking faith, and certain that Jesus was no more than his older brother, James had suggested to Jesus that he take his disciples and go up to the feast of tabernacles to do their works there. Perhaps Jesus would have found more disciples there, but James would not be counted among them until Jesus rose from the dead (1 Cor 15: 7). Convinced thereafter that Jesus was the Christ, James would not insist on his relationship with Jesus again, but on his spiritual relationship as his servant. James became a column of the church, leader of the Jerusalem council, and friend of Pedro and Pablo . More importantly, he was a friend of Jesus, with whom he had made a pact and for whom he would be martyred around 62 AD Before 50 AD, or at the beginning of that decade, Santiago wrote his only letter that would become part of the Holy Scripture, a letter that would show the essence of the gospel from a practical point of view.
General view of Santiago
This letter should be considered as a practical guide to Christianity, although Christ is only mentioned twice (1: 1; 2: 1). It is a lesson in contrasts: useful and harmful evidence; genuine and false wisdom; true and false faith. Its content is practical, with an average of more than one order every two verses. Who did God choose to write such a remarkable letter?
The author appears in the opening greeting as James, but does not identify himself as an apostle (1: 1). In the New Testament four people are mentioned by this name, but it was James, brother of Jesus and Judas , who wrote this letter (Mt 13:55; Mr 6: 3). It is interesting to follow Santiago’s development in faith. At first he rejected the statements of Christ (Jn 7: 5). Later he received a visit from the risen Jesus (I Cor 15: 7), which perhaps resulted in his conversion because later he was among the believers awaiting the promised coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:14). He became a leader in the Jerusalem church(Gal 1: 18–19; 2: 1, 9) and presided over the first church council (Acts 15: 13–21). A few years later, Paul visited him (Acts 21: 17–25). Santiago wrote this letter from the background of his heritage and rich experience in pastoral work. He was martyred for his faith in 62 or 63 AD
The readers of this letter are named “the twelve tribes that are in dispersion” (1: 1). Apparently James cared about all the Jews converted to Christianity who had previously been part of the Jerusalem congregation, but now resided in other parts of the world. Their dispersion increased after Stephen’s martyrdom (Acts 7: 54–8: 3) and also during the persecution under HerodAgrippa I (Acts 12: 1–2). The historian Josephus describes the situation in this way: “Now these Jews have migrated to all the cities, and it is difficult to find a place in the inhabited world that has not admitted this group of men, and that is not their possession” ( Antiquities, XIV, vii). Being one of the NT books with the most Jewish characteristics, this letter contains more than forty references to the OT and more than twenty allusions to the Sermon on the Mount. Even a Hebrew name for God is retained in 5: 4 (Lord of Sabaoth, ie, Lord of Hosts). James uses this common greeting fifteen times among Jewish believers.
The challenge to those who read this letter for the first time and to all Christians is: “If you have genuine faith in Christ for salvation, show it.” The content of this letter can be considered as the presentation of four evidences of true faith: 1) Christians are urged to persevere in suffering with joy (1: 2–16); 2) to serve spontaneously as a result of their faith (1: 17–2: 26); 3) are warned to speak wisely (3: 1–4: 12); 4) to show good sense in relationships with others in their lives (4: 13–5: 20).
This letter is a perennial reminder that anyone can say they are a Christian, but the best evidence of genuine faith is manifested by the way one lives.
The book of James is the basic description of the relationship that exists between faith and works. So rooted in the Mosaic law and its system of works were the Christian Jews to whom James wrote, that he spent much time explaining to them the difficult truth, that no one is justified by the works of the law ( Galatians 2:16). He declares to them that even if they tried their best to keep all the various laws and rituals, which is impossible to do, and transgress the smallest part of the law, this made them guilty of all of it (James 2: 10) because the law is an entity and to break a part of it, is to break it all.
Important verses in Santiago
- 1: 2 Takegreat joy when you meet various trials.
- 1: 5 And if any of you lacks wisdom, ask
- 1: 6 But askin faith.
- 1:19 Every man isquick to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger.
- 1:22 But thirstdoers of the word.
- 2: 1 may your faith bewithout regard to persons.
- 2:12 Speakthus, and thus do, as those who are to be judged by the law of liberty.
- 3: 1 My brothers, donot become teachers.
- 4: 7 Submit yourselves, then, to God … purify your hearts.
- 4:11 don’t
- 4:12 Whoare you to judge someone else?
- 5: 7 beAnd affirm your hearts.
- 5: 9 do not
- 5:10 Takethe prophets as an example of affliction and patience.
- 5:12 don’t
- 5:13 Makeprayer … sing praises …. call the elders .. and pray for him.
- 5:16 confessyour offenses … and pray .