Even with all the care that parents have with the little ones, many times, some manifestations go unnoticed. An example of this is when the child suffers from vision problems, but no one notices. Admit it: have you ever wondered if everything is in order with your child’s view?
One way to find out is by paying attention to complaints. However, not every child verbally complains about what he feels, so it is necessary to carefully observe his behavior when reading and watching TV, for example. Visible eye changes also deserve to go to the eye clinic.
In this post, we will address what vision problems are, what types and causes, how to identify if your child has them and what are the risks of lack of treatment. Check out!
What are vision problems and what are the main ones?
Vision problems are any changes in the eyes that compromise the eyeball and lead to difficulty seeing because of partial – and, in some cases, total – loss of ability to see.
People of all ages can develop them, heredity and exposure to constant natural or artificial lighting without proper protection, among others, are risk factors.
Of the different types of vision problems, the most common are myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism , strabismus, color blindness and glaucoma. Understand each one of them, below!
It is the difficulty to see from a long distance. This is because the image forms before the retina, due to the elongated eyeball.
It is the difficulty to see from a short distance. In this case, images are formed after the retina, which results in blurred vision.
It is the difficulty to see short and long distances. There is a distortion of the light when it enters the eyes , generating several points of focus.
It is an imbalance in muscle function that causes eye misalignment. It is also called crooked eye or bladder.
It is the difficulty to see certain colors (red, brown, green, gray, blue, yellow and orange, depending on the type of color blindness).
It is the increase in eye pressure due to the compression of vessels and the interruption of blood circulation. Therefore, glaucoma causes irreversible changes in the optic nerve.
What are the causes of these problems?
The causes of vision problems vary by type. The stretching of the eyeball, refractive flaws, distortion of light when entering the eyes and continuous exposure to artificial or natural lighting are some of them. In addition, the genetic component favors the appearance of some diseases, such as glaucoma.
Even certain conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, affect the eyes. Circulatory problems and poor diet are also risk factors. As age advances, other diseases can compromise the eyeball, such as cataracts , presbyopia (tired eyes) and macular degeneration.
How do you know if your child has impaired eyesight?
Find out below what the signs are that your child has vision problems!
Low school performance
Children who see poorly tend to have poor school performance, as vision problems require more effort from them. In addition to blurred vision, they may suffer from headaches, which will compromise learning.
Difficulties in reading or identifying distant objects
Reading difficulties are another indication that your child has a vision problem. When this happens, it is common for the child to get closer to the book or any other device in an attempt to see better. If she, likewise, cannot identify objects at a distance, it is time to schedule an appointment with the ophthalmologist.
Recurring complaints of eye or head pain, as well as dispersion and lack of interest in practicing favorite activities of friends of the same age, deserve attention. After all, these are also symptoms of vision problems, so they must be investigated and treated appropriately.
Headaches and irritability
As we said, headaches are some of the symptoms of eye problems. In most cases, they are accompanied by irritability, especially when they affect children. If your child suffers from headache constantly, the warning signal should be turned on, as there is something wrong with his eyesight and his health.
Changes in eyes and eyelids
It is important to look at the eye area to see if it has asymmetry or even redness, tearing and crusting. Misalignment of the eye, in particular, is evidence of amblyopia, popularly called the lazy eye. Treating it early increases the chances of success.
What are the risks of lack of treatment?
Vision problems can mostly be treated with medication, visual correction devices (glasses and contact lenses) or surgery. It is worth remembering that the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chances of controlling or reversing them. Therefore, it is important to take your child to the doctor regularly to assess eye health .
In turn, failing to treat the diseases that affect the eyeball carries several risks, both biological and mental. As we have seen, such problems hinder the practice of activities (such as reading), learning and interacting with people. In fact, introversion is related to the difficulty of seeing.
Over time, symptoms of eye disease tend to worsen. Headaches are more frequent and the child’s lack of interest in interacting with peers increases, as do episodes of irritability. In some cases, impairment of the eye region leads not only to partial loss of sight, but also blindness.
You now know how to identify possible vision problems in your child. Observing the signs it manifests is of fundamental importance for early diagnosis and treatment, in order to increase the chances of control or reversal. Thus, it is possible to preserve the health of the eyes and the well-being of the child.