How Does Valsartan Work?

The Valsartan , used alone or in combination with other drugs, it helps to treat high blood pressure .

It can also be useful in case of heart failure . However, it is not a cure in either case (heart failure or hypertension) because it simply helps keep the situation under control.

Valsartan is also used to increase the chances of survival after a heart attack and in case of diabetic nephropathy .

How does Valsartan work?

Valsartan belongs to the class of Angiotensin II receptor antagonist drugs , also called “sartans” . It is an antihypertensive drug: it works by blocking the action of substances that stiffen the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow better and be pumped more efficiently from the heart.

How is Valsartan taken?

Valsartan is taken orally in the form of tablets. High blood pressure treatment typically involves taking a single dose a day. In case of heart failure or heart attack it must be taken twice a day.

The doctor may initially prescribe a low dosage, then gradually increase it. In general, it may take two to four weeks for the treatment to have the first visible benefits.

Side effects of Valsartan

Possible side effects of Valsartan include:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • excessive tiredness
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • stomach ache
  • backache
  • articolar pains
  • clouded vision
  • cough
  • rash

It is important to contact a doctor immediately in case of:

  • swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips , eyes, hands, feet, ankles or calves
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty breathing
  • difficulty swallowing
  • unjustified weight loss

Contraindications and warnings on the use of Valsartan

In the case of treatment with Valsartan it is important not to use salt substitutes containing potassium without first talking to your doctor.

Before taking the drug you must also inform the doctor:

  • any allergies to the active substance, its excipients or any other drugs;
  • in case of diabetes or if you are taking Aliskiren ;
  • of the other drugs, phytotherapy or supplements taken, in particular if it is Fans, Cyclosporine, diuretics, other cardiovascular drugs, potassium supplements, Rifampin or Ritonavir;
  • if you suffer (or have suffered) from biliary obstructions or heart, liver or kidney disease ;
  • in case of breastfeeding .

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