The Fluoxetine is used in the case of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, some eating disorders and panic attacks. It is also used to treat the symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (the so-called premenstrual syndrome), mood swings, irritability, swelling and sensitivity of the mammary gland.
Sometimes Fluoxetine is also used in cases of alcoholism, attention deficit disorder, borderline personality, sleep disturbances, headaches, psychiatric diseases, post traumatic stress disorder, Tourette syndrome, obesity, problems with the sexual sphere and phobias .
How does Fluoxetine work?
Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It works by increasing the amount of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps maintain mental balance.
How is Fluoxetine administered?
Fluoxetine is generally administered in the form of capsules (also scheduled release), tablets and oral solution. Typically one dose per day, in the morning, or two per day, in the morning and at noon.
Sometimes the doctor prescribes it to be taken on certain days of the month. Typically, start by prescribing a low dose and then gradually increase it if needed.
Side effects of Fluoxetine
Possible side effects of Fluoxetine include:
- narrow angle glaucoma
- dry mouth
- sore throat
- uncontrollable tremors
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- problems in the sexual sphere
- profuse sweating
It is good to contact a doctor immediately in case of:
- articolar pains
- swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles or calves
- breathing difficulties
- difficulty swallowing
- fever, sweating, confusion, rapid or irregular heart beat and severe muscle stiffness
- visual or acoustic hallucinations
Contraindications and warnings of Fluoxetine
Fluoxetine can cause drowsiness and impair the ability to drive and operate dangerous machinery. This side effect can be aggravated by alcohol.
It may take 4 to 5 weeks for Fluoxetine to take full effect. It is important not to get discouraged and continue taking it, without stopping treatment without consulting your doctor first. Stopping taking the drug suddenly could trigger unpleasant side effects.
Before taking the drug it is important to tell your doctor:
- allergies to Fluoxetine or any other drug
- of the medicines, phytotherapy and supplements taken, remembering in particular to mention pimozide, MAO inhibitors (even if the treatment was stopped in the previous 2 weeks), alprazolam, anticoagulants, antidepressants, aspirin and other Fans, clopidogrel, diazepam, digoxin, diuretics, linezolid, flecainide, insulin or oral antidiabetic agents, lithium, anti-anxiety or Parkinson’s drugs, methylene blue, psychotropic drugs, migraine medicines, anticonvulsants, sedatives, sibutramine, sleeping pills, tramadol, tranquilizers, vinblastine, San grass Giovanni and tryptophan
- if you have received an electric shock, if you have recently had a heart attack or if you suffer (or have suffered) from diabetes, convulsions or liver or heart disease
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding