How Do Tips bonds work

How Do Tips bonds work.Treasury Inflation Protected Securities or TIPS are an investment option that helps protect investors against inflation. The principal amount under TIPS increases with inflation and decreases with deflation. However, at maturity, investors can earn the face value or the adjusted face value, whichever is greater.

How Do Tips Bonds Work.Inflation-Protected Treasury Securities: Features.

  • An investor can sell it or hold it until maturity.
  • They are usually issued for a term of 5, 10, and 30 years.
  • Generally, the TIPS Inflation Index is used to adjust the principal amount for inflation and/or deflation.
  • Prior to redemption, TreasuryDirect requires an investor/security holder to hold TIPS for a minimum period of 45 days.
  • At maturity, investors get the face value of the bond or the adjusted principal, whichever is greater.

How Do Tips bonds work

  1. Essentially, Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities are bonds that are indexed to the consumer index or TIPS inflation index to provide inflation protection and principal security even in times of deflation.
  2. These bonds are backed by the US government and are therefore low risk instruments.
  3. However, compared to other government and corporate securities, the interest rate on TIPS is lower.
  4. Investors earn interest twice a year at a fixed rate.
  5. Although the interest rate is fixed, the actual interest inflow varies as the interest payment on TIPS also rises and falls with inflation and deflation, respectively, as the interest rate is applied to the adjusted principal.
  6. TIPS protect both principal and interest from inflation, since in between, the interest rate is applied to the adjusted principal.

Example;How Do Tips bonds work

Let’s understand this variation in the real interest flow for TIPS with the help of a simple example. Suppose you buy TIPS with a face value of $1000, with a coupon rate of 2%, and at the time of the interest payment date, the inflation rate is 4%. In this scenario, the face value of the security will be considered $1040 (inflation rate of 1000 + 4%). And this new security value will be used to calculate the interest payment.

Similarly, if there is negative inflation or deflation at the end of the year, say 2%. So the interest calculation will be $980 (1000-2%), which means a lower interest rate. So even though the interest rate is fixed, the actual expense would vary at the time of each payment date.

However, with respect to par/principal value, it should be noted that even if deflation persists to maturity, the investor will still get the par value originally invested at the time the security is issued, which in this case is $1,000, and not the lower adjusted value. And so, in case of inflation, only the original nominal value will be paid and the higher value will not be adjusted.

The concept of face value adjustment is maintained solely for interest calculation purposes,

TIPS are not only a good investment during rising inflation, but also in times of rising interest rate environments. This is so because inflation and interest tend to move in the same direction. Therefore, at a time when already issued bonds would be losing value due to inflation and earn less interest than newly issued bonds, TIPS will continue to provide the investor with comparatively more interest and safeguard underlying value.

Factors Affecting TIPS;How Do Tips bonds work

  • Investors should be aware of the factors that affect the price and yield of inflation-protected Treasury securities. This would allow investors to make better decisions about when to buy, sell, or whether or not to hold it to maturity. Two significant factors influencing TIPS are:
  • Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) are a type of U.S. Treasury bond that is designed to help protect investors from inflation. When you purchase a TIPS bond, you receive a fixed interest rate that is paid out twice a year. This interest rate is added to the bond’s principal, and the total value of the bond increases accordingly.
  • However, unlike traditional bonds, the principal value of a TIPS bond adjusts based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures inflation. This means that if inflation increases, the principal value of your TIPS bond will also increase. Conversely, if inflation decreases, the principal value of your TIPS bond will decrease.
  • The interest rate on a TIPS bond is also adjusted for inflation. This means that as inflation increases, the interest rate paid on the bond also increases. This helps to ensure that the real return on the bond remains positive even in the face of inflation.
  • When a TIPS bond reaches maturity, you will receive the original principal value of the bond, adjusted for inflation. In this way, TIPS bonds help to protect investors from the erosion of purchasing power that can occur as a result of inflation.

How Do Tips Bonds Work?


Tips bonds, also known as Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, are a type of government bond that protects investors against inflation. They provide an attractive option for individuals looking to safeguard their investments from the erosive effects of rising prices. In this article, we will delve into the mechanics of tips bonds, their benefits, and how they work.

What Are Tips Bonds?

Tips bonds are issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and are backed by the full faith and credit of the government. These bonds are designed to protect investors from the erosion of purchasing power caused by inflation. Unlike traditional bonds, the principal of a tips bond adjusts with inflation, allowing investors to maintain the real value of their investment.

How Do Tips Bonds Protect Against Inflation?

Tips bonds protect against inflation by adjusting their principal value based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The CPI measures the average price change of a basket of goods and services over time. When inflation occurs, the CPI increases, resulting in a higher principal value for tips bonds. Conversely, during periods of deflation, the CPI decreases, leading to a lower principal value for the bonds.
The semi-annual interest payments associated with tips bonds also adjust in response to changes in inflation. This ensures that investors receive a consistent real return on their investment, regardless of the prevailing inflation rate. The combination of inflation-adjusted principal and interest payments make tips bonds an attractive investment option for those seeking inflation protection.

How Are Tips Bonds Valued?

The value of tips bonds is determined by the market and can fluctuate based on changes in interest rates and inflation expectations. The real yield, or the yield above inflation, is a key factor in valuing tips bonds. As interest rates rise, the real yield on tips bonds may increase, making them more attractive to investors. Conversely, if interest rates fall, the real yield on tips bonds may decrease, potentially making them less appealing.
It’s important to note that tips bonds are often seen as a long-term investment, as their principal adjustments occur over time. Investors who hold tips bonds until maturity will receive the original principal value or the adjusted principal value, whichever is greater.

Benefits of Investing in Tips Bonds

1. Inflation Protection

Tips bonds provide investors with a high level of protection against inflation, allowing them to maintain the purchasing power of their investment over time. This makes tips bonds particularly appealing for those who are concerned about rising prices.

2. Diversification

Including tips bonds in a diversified investment portfolio can help reduce overall risk. While traditional bonds may be negatively impacted by inflation, tips bonds provide a hedge against this risk, providing stability to the portfolio during inflationary periods.

3. Guaranteed Income

Tips bonds pay semi-annual interest payments that are adjusted for inflation. This provides investors with a predictable and guaranteed income stream, offering financial stability and peace of mind.

4. Backed by the Government

Tips bonds are backed by the U.S. government, providing investors with a high level of security. This makes them a relatively safe investment option compared to other types of bonds.


Tips bonds offer investors a unique opportunity to protect their investments against inflation. With their inflation-adjusted principal and interest payments, tips bonds provide reliable income and preserve the purchasing power of the invested capital. As a government-backed security, they offer a level of security that is highly sought after by investors. Consider including tips bonds in your investment strategy to safeguard against the erosive effects of inflation and secure your financial future.

by Abdullah Sam
I’m a teacher, researcher and writer. I write about study subjects to improve the learning of college and university students. I write top Quality study notes Mostly, Tech, Games, Education, And Solutions/Tips and Tricks. I am a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue.

Leave a Comment