The hippie movement emerged in the city of San Francisco, on the west coast of the United States, in the 1960s.
The hippies preached free love, respect for nature, pacifism and a simpler life, without consumer concerns.
Likewise, they used drugs to open their minds and be more creative.
Origin of the Hippie Movement
The struggle for a less materialistic life and floral aesthetics were big marks of hippies
With the escalation of violence between the United States and the Soviet Union, during the Cold War, a movement arises that challenges violence and capitalism: the beat .
Beat culture questioned traditional American and Western values such as morality, marriage, standards of beauty and a lifestyle based on consumerism.
Its origin dates back to a group of writers who met in the 1950s with the aim of creating literary works and criticizing American society.
The main names were Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, William Burroughs, Anne Waldman, Elise Cowen, among others.
See also: Cold War
Hippie Culture Features
The hippie movement was heir to the American beat culture , but they went beyond a literary school and created their own lifestyle.
It did not take long for young Americans, disillusioned by what was happening in the Vietnam War , to be attracted by the speech of “peace and love” and “make love, don’t make war”
For this reason, the hippie movement fits in with the counterculture, as it disagrees with the dominant culture. They still believed that the consumption of hallucinogenic drugs opened the mind to new creative possibilities.
The hippies protested the war by taking part in marches and were also involved in the feminist and civil rights movements for Afro-descendants, along the lines proposed by Martin Luther King .
With their defense of sexual freedom, they also helped to discuss issues related to homosexuality.
They dressed in the opposite way to the current fashion with wide pants and blouses, floral print items, long hair bands and the use of large beards for men.
Through the consumption of hallucinogenic drugs they developed the psychedelic culture that is characterized by the use of strong colors, marked features and references to nature, especially flowers.
Unfortunately, the abuse of these toxic substances led many artists to premature death.
See also: Counterculture
The Woodstock Festival brought youth together for three days of “peace and music”, according to producers
The major milestone of the hippie movement was the holding of the music festival in Woodstock, New York, in August 1969.
Artists such as Jimi Hendrix, Joan Baez, Carlos Santana, Janis Joplin, The Who, Grateful Dead, and several others performed.
The festival became a symbol of that time when it brought together, for three days, people who believed in a different society from the one proposed by the status quo .
End of the Hippie Movement
In the 70s, several ideas defended by hippies were absorbed by society.
Likewise, some of its main representatives such as Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison and Janis Joplin died of an overdose. John Lennon, who flirted with hippie thinking in the 1970s, was murdered in 1980.
Also, the fact that the Manson family, a hippie community established in California, committed several murders and robberies, contributed to discredit part of this movement.
However, hippy ideals are still present through the green movement, non-consumers, vegetarians or vegans, and even in campaigns for minority rights.