The Hell , (In Latin infernum or inferus ‘bottom, underground ‘) as many religions is where, after death , are forever tortured the souls of sinners. It is equivalent to the Gehenna of Judaism , the Tartar of Greek mythology, and the Underworld of pagan religions.
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- 1 Catholic theology
- 2 Bible translations
- 3 Description
- 4 Sources
In Catholic theology , hell is one of the four final stages of man . Sometimes it is not considered a place but a state of suffering. In contrast to hell, other places of existence after death can be neutral (eg, Jewish Sheol), or happy (eg, Christian Heaven ).
Translations in the Bible
In the Queen Version – Vale , 1960 revision , there are three Greek and one Hebrew terms translated “hell”: (1) sheol from the Hebrew and hades from the Greek — both terms clearly mean “the grave”; (2) tartaros from the Greek, which means “a place of restriction”; and (3) gehenna, which is the Greek term for “the Valley of Hinom”, a location just outside ancient Jerusalem . Gehenna can mean “hell” or “hell of fire.”
As indicated, the Hebrew word translated “hell” in the Old Testament is sheol. It has a counterpart in the New Testament , hades . The term sheol, in one concordance, mostly always refers to the Greek word hades. Both mean “the grave, the grave, the world of the dead.”
The word hades is the most commonly used word in the New Testament for “hell”. Some translations have exchanged the word hell for hades. In the 1600s people in England commonly talked about planting or putting their potatoes “in hell” during the winter . They understood that hell was a dark, cold, and silent place, which was a hole in the ground . This word had no mystery to them. Virtually all sources agree that sheol and hades are the same and that both refer to “The Tomb”.
Some theologies of hell offer graphic and sinister details (for example, the Naraka of Buddhism, one of the six kingdoms of samsara). Religions with a linear divine history often view hell as infinite (for example, the beliefs of Christianity), whereas religions with a cyclical history often show hell as an intermediate period between reincarnation (for example, the Diyu, kingdom of the dead of Chinese mythology ).
The punishment in hell usually corresponds to the sins committed in life . Sometimes specific distinctions are made, with condemned souls suffering for each wrong committed, while other times the punishment is general, with sinners being relegated to one or more chambers of hell or levels of suffering. In Islam and Christianity , however, faith and repentance are more important than actions in determining the soul’s destiny after death . Hell is usually imagined as populated by demons , who torment the damned.