Garbage is understood as that heterogeneous group of residues, generally solid, that arises as waste material from different human or animal activities.
It is important to highlight the collective aspect of garbage, since we all produce garbage. Within this vast category, two types of garbage are known:
- Inorganic garbage : It is the set of wastes that are not of biological origin . These are undoubtedly those that pollute the environment the most, since having a synthetic composition, either total or partial, they are difficult to be degraded by microorganisms, so that they remain unchanged for much longer than other residues. Although households produce a certain amount of inorganic waste, it is industries that generate this kind of waste on a larger scale.
- Organic garbage : It mainly derives from theprocessing of foodin homes or in places wherefood is sold. These wastes are more unpleasant but are usually less problematic for societies, since being biodegradable , they decompose without major difficulties. They are even often used as organic fertilizers or in composting.
Inorganic waste classification
Inorganic waste is subdivided into two types:
- Recyclable : it can lead to a reuse process , which by the way is the most desirable.
- Non-recyclable : the only way to deal with it and avoid its negative impact on the ecosystem is to confine it in suitable containers, to avoid its indiscriminate dispersion by the environment. It is important to have adequate containers for the disposal of garbage in general and inorganic garbage in particular.
Examples of inorganic waste
|Metal and cans||Keychains|
|Paper and paperboard||Radios and televisions|
|Polyethylene bags||X-rays used|