Examples Of Theoretical Framework In Quantitative Research

When embarking on a quantitative research study, one crucial component to consider is the theoretical framework. But what exactly is a theoretical framework? And how is it applied in quantitative research? This blog post will walk you through the basics and provide you with examples to further your understanding.

Examples Of Theoretical Framework In Quantitative Research

What is a Theoretical Framework?

A theoretical framework provides a general background to relate your research to existing knowledge and academic work. It acts as the foundation upon which your study stands. This framework consists of concepts and their relationships that guide the research, determining what things you will measure, and what statistical relationships you will look for.

Why is it Important?

  1. Guidance: It serves as a roadmap for the study, defining the path and destination of your research journey.
  2. Relevance: It ensures that the research question is grounded in existing literature and scholarly work.
  3. Validity: Establishing your study within a theoretical framework adds validity to your findings.

Examples of Theoretical Frameworks in Quantitative Research

  1. Social Learning Theory in Education Research
    • Main Proposition: Individuals learn by observing others.
    • Research Example: A study might investigate whether students who observe peer-modeling in classroom settings have better academic outcomes than those who do not.
  2. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in Consumer Behavior
    • Main Proposition: Human needs are arranged in a hierarchy, from basic physiological needs to self-actualization.
    • Research Example: A research might explore if consumers are more likely to purchase luxury items when their basic needs (like food and shelter) are already met.
  3. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in Information Systems
    • Main Proposition: The adoption of a new technology is influenced by its perceived usefulness and ease of use.
    • Research Example: A study might assess the factors affecting the adoption rate of a new mobile banking app among young adults.
  4. Health Belief Model in Public Health
    • Main Proposition: Health behaviors are influenced by personal beliefs about health problems and the perceived benefits/barriers to action.
    • Research Example: A research might explore the reasons why certain age groups avoid getting vaccinated by measuring their perceived risks and benefits.
  5. Efficiency-Wage Theory in Economics
    • Main Proposition: Employers pay their workers more than the market-clearing wage to boost their productivity.
    • Research Example: A study might look into how above-average wages in certain industries relate to employee productivity and company performance.

How to Choose the Right Theoretical Framework?

  1. Relevance to Research Question: Ensure the chosen theory aligns well with your research objectives.
  2. Literature Review: Familiarize yourself with existing literature in your area of study. Previous studies can guide your selection.
  3. Consultation: Seek advice from peers, mentors, or experts in the field.

In Conclusion

Theoretical frameworks are pivotal in quantitative research. They offer structure, depth, and context. By grounding your study in established theories, you not only ensure its validity but also contribute to the academic dialogue in your field. The next time you read or conduct a quantitative study, pay attention to its theoretical roots – they are the backbone of the research narrative!

by Abdullah Sam
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