Corporation tax is the tax obligation assumed by legal persons having obtained income in a fiscal period that is usually a calendar year. That is, this tax element taxes the income of companies and other legal entities.
Through this type of tax, the organization in question declares its economic capacity, since it states that it has received income. This tax provides an important part of the State’s income and therefore can be understood as complementary to the IRPF within the fiscal landscape.
Who pays the corporate tax?
Corporation tax falls on different types of legal persons, such as societies, associations, groupings, foundations and institutions. In addition, it is also legally applicable to other entities present in the economic reality such as funds (for example, investment or pension funds). Corporation tax also affects those organizations that reside or have their fiscal domicile in the country.
Of course, this type of tax also affects limited companies or sole proprietorships, including people who enjoy the status of autonomous subject.
Characteristics of corporate tax
Corporation tax is direct, personal and periodic, as is the income tax of individuals (IRP). Although unlike the IRP, the corporate tax rate is proportional. It does not increase as benefits increase. All companies pay the same tax rate. Of course, in monetary terms the more benefits are obtained, the greater the amount to be paid.
On the other hand, there are a number of incentives for which entities are able to reduce the amount of taxes they pay. These incentives are granted to companies if they meet a series of conditions related to the number of employees they have, investment in innovation, employee training, the level of turnover they present annually or the age of their economic activity, Among other conditions.
Therefore, the corporate tax is:
- Direct :Taxes income directly, which is proof of the aforementioned economic capacity of the declarant. See difference between direct and indirect taxes .
- Personnel:This involves taking into account the individual circumstances of each taxpayer.
- Newspaper:It is paid periodically. The taxable event occurs indefinitely over time. The tax is not punctual or instantaneous, but it is paid continuously over time in different tax periods, divided according to the legislator (for example annually).
- Proportional or flat :The tax rate does not depend on the tax base, that is, the percentage of taxes paid on benefits is the same regardless of the amount of benefits.
Corporation tax in the income statement
Corporation tax is the last thing that is discounted in the results of a company:
|Net income or sales||100|
|– Direct costs of goods sold||-fifty|
|– General, personnel and administrative expenses||-twenty|
|– Amortization expenses and provisions||-5|
|Profit before interest and taxes (BAIT) or EBIT||25|
|+ Extraordinary income||one|
|– Extraordinary expenses||-two|
|+ Financial income||two|
|– Financial expenses||-3|
|Profit before tax (BAT) or EBT||2. 3|
|– Corporation tax||7|
|NET PROFIT OR FINANCIAL YEAR RESULTS||16|
Corporation tax in Spain
We find the following tax rates after the last modification of the Corporate Tax Law:
|Newly created entities, except that they are taxed at a lower rate, the first period with positive BI and the following will apply this scale||fifteen%||fifteen%|
|Entities with turnover <€ 5 M and staff <25 employees||25%||25%|
|Companies Reduced Dimension (turnover <€ 10M), except that they are taxed at a different rate from the general||BI share up to € 300,000||25%||25%|
|General insurance mutuals and social security mutual societies||25%||25%|
|Mutual guarantee societies|
|Professional associations, official chambers and workers unions|
|Non-profit entities that comply with Law 49/2002|
|Employment Promotion Funds|
|Unions and confederations of cooperatives|
|Public Law Entity State Ports and Port Authorities.|
|Communities holding neighborhood forests in common hands|
|Political parties (Art. 11 LO 8/2007)|
|Cooperative credit societies and rural savings banks||Cooperative Result||28%||25%|
|Fiscally Protected Cooperatives||Cooperative Result||twenty%||twenty%|
|Publicly traded investment companies in the real estate market. (SOCIMI) (Art. 9 Law 11/2009)||Usually||0%||0%|
|19% (1)||19% (1)|
|Non-profit entities that do comply with Law 49/2002||10%||10%|
|Entities of the Canary Islands Special Zone (Art. 43 Law 19/1994)||4%||4%|
|SICAV with certain conditions indicated in art. 29.4 LIS that refers to Law 35/2003 on Collective Investment Institutions||one%||one%|
|Investment funds of a financial nature with certain conditions indicated in art. 28.5.b) TRLIS|
|Real estate investment companies and funds with certain conditions indicated in art. 29.4 LIS|
|Mortgage Market Regulation Fund|
|Credit institutions, as well as those dedicated to exploration, research and exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits and other regulated activities in Law 34/1998||30%||30%|
(1) Special tax on dividends distributed to partners with a share in the share capital equal to or greater than 5% and said dividends, at the headquarters of the partner, are exempt or taxed at a rate of less than 10%.