Nature is formed by diverse ecosystems, which can be defined as the environments where the relationship between different living and non-living beings occurs, that is, plants, animals, land, water, etc. This relationship engages, in biology, several types of relationships between animals, which can be friendly for both, good for one side or bad for both.
Biologically speaking, one can have interspecific and intraspecific ecological relationships. In the latter case, it occurs between living beings of the same species. When it comes to interspecific, they are relationships that involve more than one species. Analyzing this type of involvement between different beings, biology explains that it is possible to have positive and other negative correlations.
However, to understand the biological context as a whole, it is necessary to understand the issues separately. For this reason, the Practical Study intends to focus, in this article, the current situation and conditions in a type of negative inter-specific relationship, that is, competition.
Competition: what is it and what examples are there?
This type of relationship involves two different animal species that compete for the same resources in the environment. Because they are taking advantage of the same space and all that a given community has, they have become competitors. Thus, it is a negative or disharmonious relationship between two types of animals.
As an example of inter-specific competition, the following case can be cited: the relationship between the remora and the pilot fish, for disputing the food, that is, the remains of the sharks’ food.
Other negative inter-specific relationships
In addition to inter-specific competition, there are other forms of negative relationships that involve not only animals, but all living beings, they are:
- Amensalism: when one species impairs the development of the other, including reproduction;
- Herbivory: relationship where a herbivorous animal feeds on living parts of the plant;
- Parasitism: when one being lives at the expense of another and still causes harm;
- Predatism: One living being feeds on another.