After many years of living with the menstrual cycle, the time comes for women to go through menopause, which officially represents the last menstruation. Once it occurs, the ovaries interrupt the production of female hormones. This change needs to be accompanied by a gynecologist .
Even though the symptoms caused by this transition may be intense for some people, there are women who experience the experience without major problems. However, ignorance causes unnecessary fears to be created regarding this important moment in a woman’s life.
Do you want to know what menopause is and its symptoms, as well as other information on the topic and to clarify your main doubts? Then continue reading this post!
What is menopause?
Menopause is the last menstruation of every woman, which usually occurs in the age group of 45 to 55 years of age. In it, the body has already released all its eggs. Thus, there can be no more ovulation and, consequently, fertilization.
As a result, there is a decrease in the levels of progesterone and estrogen, hormones that directly impact the central nervous system. If the patient still wants to become pregnant, it is possible to choose only in vitro fertilization and assisted reproduction.
However, everything should be properly discussed with the responsible gynecologist, since a pregnancy after the last menstruation tends to cause more risks for the mother and the baby.
What are the main symptoms?
What makes the period that menopause represents so unpopular are the possible symptoms related to it, which vary from one person to another. Among them, we can quote:
- excessive sweating;
- heats (also called hot flushes);
- changes in sleep patterns;
- decreased libido;
- hair and nails are weakened;
- irregularities in the duration and symptoms of the menstrual cycle;
- changes in the skin;
- headaches and hormone changes in general.
Of all the signs, the most reported are hot flushes, which affect 60% to 80% of the female population. In them, there is a sensation of heat experienced with intensity throughout the skin. Especially in the upper body, such as face and neck. Increased blood circulation in the region can cause redness and excessive sweating.
What is the difference between menopause and climacteric?
This confusion is very common. This does not happen for nothing, because while menopause represents the last menstrual period, the climacteric is the phase in which there is a transition from the fertile to the non-reproductive period of each woman, with a gradual loss of ovarian function throughout it.
Is hormonal therapy necessary after menopause?
Although it is a common measure to maintain quality of life after this body change, hormone therapy to replace estrogen is not recommended for all patients.
Some women may benefit from less invasive alternatives, which should always be prized for individual well-being. After menopause, according to medical guidelines, it is essential to maintain the practice of physical activities and a good diet, as there are direct changes in the lipid profile of each person.
Can you stop going to the gynecologist after menopause?
No! The gynecologist continues to monitor any changes experienced by the patient’s body, even after her last menstruation. Its performance is essential for maintaining a healthy sex life, in addition to preventing more common diseases in old age, such as breast cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and a higher incidence of cysts.
Tests such as pelvic ultrasound, Pap smear (or cervical preventive exam), mammography and other clinical exams performed in the office continue to be relevant for the prevention and treatment of any ills.
What factors influence menopause?
In the medical community, the idea is that menopause is more defined by genetic factors. Cases of last menstruation before or close to 40, for example, known as early menopause, tend to be related to previous episodes in the family, with mother and grandparents.
Contrary to what is believed, however, there is no evidence that the use of birth control pills influences menopause.
Does entering menopause make women fat?
Although menopause is related to the lipid profile, that is, the amount of fat present in the body, since it impacts the production of female hormones, its arrival does not always make women fat.
In this case, the recommendation is to do medical monitoring and check all the necessary changes in food in order to keep the body composition balanced. In addition, exercising regularly contributes to maintaining weight and helps maintain muscle mass, which is more easily lost due to the reduction of estrogen in the body.
As much as menopause, hormone replacement, when advised by a gynecologist, should not cause weight gain. To avoid any unwanted symptoms, it is essential to carry out laboratory tests to ensure that the patient’s body reacts well.
Is it possible to maintain an active sex life after menopause?
Yes! Although the drop in hormone production has an impact on libido, contrary to popular belief, there is a sexual life after the last menstrual period, when the woman is mature. If she has no contraindications to hormone replacement, medications tend to help.
In addition, it is possible to opt for the use of vaginal lubricants, in addition to healthy habits and good nutrition, capable of maintaining desire at good levels. The dialogue with the partner can also be included among good postures to live with the changes experienced during that moment.
Even though the subject is still taboo for many women and the symptoms are undesirable, it is undeniable that menopause can be a smooth transition to a new phase symbolized by the end of the menstrual cycle. The best tip, in this case, is to regularly visit a gynecologist in order to ensure prevention and well-being.