Chemist is a scientist specialized in chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and the properties involved in its interaction, the resulting products, and the application of these properties in human life.
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- 1 Subdisciplines of chemistry
- 1 Inorganic chemistry
- 2 Organic chemistry
- 3 Physical chemistry
- 4 Industrial chemistry
- 2 Education
- 3 Employment
- 4 Pharmaceutical Chemist
- 5 External links
- 6 Bibliography
Subdisciplines of chemistry
Chemistry covers a fairly wide field of study, so in practice each subject is studied in a particular way. The six main and most studied branches of chemistry are:
Synthesis and study of the electrical, magnetic and optical properties of compounds made up of non-carbon atoms (although with some exceptions). Especially treats new compounds with transition metals, acids and bases, among other compounds.
Synthesis and study of compounds that are based on carbon chains. Biochemistry: study chemical reactions in living things, study the organism and living things.
Study the fundamentals and physical bases of chemical systems and processes. In particular, the energetic and dynamic aspects of such systems and processes are of interest to the physical chemist. His major areas of study include chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, electrochemistry, statistical mechanics, and spectroscopy. It is usually also associated with quantum chemistry and theoretical chemistry.
Study the methods of producing chemical reagents in high quantities, in the most economically beneficial way. Currently, it is also trying to combine its initial interests, with low damage to the environment. Analytical chemistry: studies the methods of detection (identification) and quantification (determination) of a substance in a sample. It is subdivided into Quantitative and Qualitative. There are also multiple sub-disciplines that, being too specific or multidisciplinary, are studied individually:
- nanochemistry (related to nanotechnology)
- geochemistry: studies all the transformations of the existing minerals on earth.
- computational chemistry
- quantum chemistry
- macromolecular chemistry: studies the preparation, characterization, properties and applications of macromolecules or polymers;
- environmental chemistry: studies the influence of all the chemical components in the earth, both in their natural and anthropogenic forms.
- nuclear chemistry
- organometallic chemistry
- supramolecular chemistry
- theoretical chemistry
University training consists of an integration of auxiliary sciences, where subjects such as Physics, Mathematics, Physicochemistry, Administration, Legislation, Biochemistry, Quality among others are taught. The degrees that are related to the field of chemical training are: Industrial Chemist, Chemical Engineer, Pharmaceutical Chemist, Biologist, Food Chemist, Diagnostic Biochemistry and Chemist. The fields of specialization include biochemistry, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, theoretical chemistry, quantum chemistry, environmental chemistry, physicochemistry, cytochemistry and in some cases in microbiology and pharmacy
The field of work of a chemistry professional varies according to the type of degree completed, their specialization, and the fields of application of their field. In general, the chemical can be used in any industrial process where synthesis reactions of compounds of human interest are carried out, such as: pharmaceutical industry, petrochemical industry, cosmetic industry, food industry, etc. Chemists specialized in human health sciences, Such as Clinical Chemical Biologists, Chemical Bacteriological Parasitologists, Chemical Pharmaceutical Biologists, Pharmaceuticals, Biochemists, Diagnostic Biochemists, can work in the synthesis, production, sale and regulation in legal matters of medicines, clinical analysis, development, research, teaching and continuous training of personal.
In ancient times, the pharmacist made medicines from active ingredients found in nature, however currently most medicines are synthetically made in laboratories without having to isolate them from natural sources. Recently, medicines can also be obtained in a biosynthetic way (biotechnology: therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, etc …).
The Pharmacy Office, is a private establishment of public interest, the pharmacist carries out the Pharmaceutical Care for the patient that implies the therapeutic drug follow-up that implies first, the act itself of the dispensing, the control and indication of the takings, the control of possible interactions and correct preservation. The pharmacist in his Pharmacy Office produces medications in doses adapted to children or specific pathologies that do not have a commercialized medication.
Another role of a pharmacist in a pharmacy office is to advise and monitor patients about the possible adverse effects of the drugs, interactions between them, and teach them the best way to maximize the benefits of the drug and, in general , you doubt about them according to all kinds of therapy. If deemed convenient, the pharmacist can refer the person to a doctor.
Research, development, development and control of large-scale drug dosage forms are other major tasks for pharmacists. Currently this work is carried out in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnological Industry. For this, according to different countries, pharmacists are more or less prepared and therefore carry out short or extensive postgraduate programs to perform these functions. Aside from designing dosage forms and developing and monitoring medications, pharmacists can develop.