Characteristics of modern art

The characteristics of modern art , understood as a chronological concept as well as aesthetic, are those distinctive features of representative artistic productions of Modernity.

Characteristics of modern art

  1. Own western art. Modern art emerged in Europe as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution and spread to the United States, remaining as a western phenomenon.
  2. Contrast to academic artunderstood as the western classical artistic tradition.
  3. Interest in other cultures. Although modern art is opposed to the western traditions of academic art , one of its sources of inspiration and experimentation is the artistic traditions of other cultures.
  4. Constant innovation. Experiment with new themes, materials, techniques and processes.
  5. Development of the art trade. Concepts such as the dealer or the art gallery are born and develop alongside modern art.
  6. Bourgeois patronage. The role of artists changes as the intellectual bourgeoisie replaces religious and political institutions as the main client.
  7. New art concept. The limits and functions of art are questioned, expanding the concept of what is art .
  8. Art for art’s sake. The main function of art is no longer that of transmitting official political and religious messages. Artists seek to create works whose value resides in themselves.
  9. Independence from nature. With the appearance of photography, plastic artists gradually abandon the imitation of nature and figurative representation.
  10. Artistic intention. Deliberate deformations occur. These are not technical mistakes, but artistic decisions as a consequence of the artist’s aesthetic introspection.
  11. Open to multiple interpretations. Once the works move away from the figurative representation and the observer cannot recognize the figures, they introduce the observer to a more imaginative and spiritual plane.
  12. Prolific. As a consequence of constant experimentation, a multitude of artistic movements and avant-gardes arise .
  13. Diversity. The only thing that all these new movements of modern art have in common is that there is no general tendency, neither thematic, nor technical, aesthetic that unifies them.
  14. Deeply revolutionaryand as a consequence often unpopular and rejected by official institutions and the general public.

 

Leave a Comment