The Chancas culture arose at the time of the disappearance of the Huari culture , in which the cities were abandoned by the settlers who took refuge in the countryside (due to strong climatic changes). The Chancas would have fought against the Cusco Incas for the supremacy of the region, since both were in the process of expansion. This rivalry with the Incas would lead them to want to destroy them completely, but the great heroism of the future Inca Pachacutec would save the future Inca Empire.
Its mythical founders were Uscovilca and Ancovilca , who arose from the Choclococha lagoon (in Huancavelica ), considered the sacred pacarina of this ethnic group.
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- 1 Antiquity
- 2 Location
- 3 History
- 4 Ceramic
- 5 Vestiges
- 6 See also
- 7 Sources
It was developed between the years 1250 and 1480 n. and.
Map of the Chanca culture, in southern Peru.
The Chanca culture developed in the departments of Apurímac , Huancavelica and Ayacucho .
If someone could have changed the destiny of the Incas, in its beginning, that was the Chanca people. He could have done it and perhaps we would never have talked about the Incario or the Empire of the Four Suyos , and who knows what culture would have continued to develop over others or if that culture would have existed and not as in past times, perhaps a general influence, or a dispersion of great kingdoms but without absolute dominion of any of them on the rest.
The Chancas inhabited the trails that saw the Incas of Cuzco develop. The Chanca territory extended from the Huanta mountains , in Ayacucho , to the left bank of the Apurimac, including the entire Pampas river basin. But despite the numerous historical references, little is known regarding its cultural configuration, political character and territorial extension.
Chancas and Cuzqueños fought for the supremacy of the region in an effort to establish total dominance in Andean territory. The confrontation, originated by the Chancas, gave way to a chain of battles that ended up being favorable to the Cuzqueños who would finally implant the Incario as the Spanish found it in 1532 .
Chanca ceramic vessel.
It is generally flat, with a rough surface and sometimes with a very dilute red slip.
The decoration in relief, with the application of buttons or clay figurines, complemented by incisions or circular stamping. The shapes are of wide-open plates and narrow-necked pitchers, which sometimes show very rustic faces.
Its most impressive remains are the Sondor fortress, the Curamba metallurgical center , and the Inti Huatana in Uranmarca, strategically located in the most beautiful places in the current province of Andahuaylas. Also in each district there is a great variety of remains that show the legacy of the Wari , Chanka and Inka cultures . Despite the existence of information about their warrior history and their leaders, the archaeological remains identified as Chancas do not allow an exact profile of the life and customs of this town to be established. Both Huamancarpa (near Andahuaylas), as Carahuasi and Rumihuasi (near Abancay), require even more investigation.