The bioelementos are elements that are present in all the living beings . The main function of bioelements is to help the organism where they are found to survive.
Each cell is composed of different biomolecules ( nucleic acids , proteins , lipids , carbohydrates , etc.). In turn each of these biomolecules are formed of many atoms ( oxygen atoms , nitrogen , sulfur , phosphorus , etc.).
For example, the elements that are present in the periodic table are atoms. The bioelements represent a unit of atom . For example an oxygen atom, one of phosphorus, one of sulfur, etc.
Classification of bioelements
These bioelements can be classified into primary , secondary and tertiary elements or trace elements according to the conformation of the biomolecules. That is to say the combination of the different atoms of the molecules .
- Primary bioelements
These bioelements are indispensable for the formation of organic biomolecules . Some of them are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen and sulfur. These are found inside living beings as well as in the Earth’s atmosphere.
In turn, they are used for the elaboration of biomolecules such as carbohydrates, proteins , lipids and nucleic acids. They constitute more than 95% of the organism’s bioelements.
- Secondary bioelements
These are also present in all living beings. They are fundamental since they collaborate in different metabolic processes of the organism (nervous system, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, etc.).
Among the most frequent secondary bioelements in the body are: chlorine , potassium , calcium and magnesium .
The lack of these prevents the proper functioning of living organisms.
- Tertiary bioelements, trace elements or variable secondary bioelements
These occupy only 1% of all bioelements. However, the lack of these can cause great damage to the organism as well as the abundant presence of them.
Some of the best known and present bioelements in the body are iron, zinc, iodine and zinc.
Examples of bioelements
- Carbon (50%)
- Oxygen (20%)
- Nitrogen (14%)
- Hydrogen (8%)
- Phosphorus (5%)
- Sulfur (3%)
See more: Examples of Trace Elements
Examples of food bioelements
|Water (fluorine)||Seafood (iodine)|
|Avocado (potassium)||Oregano (potassium)|
|Basil (potassium)||Bread (magnesium)|
|White meat (copper)||Parsley (potassium)|
|Red meat (magnesium)||Pepper (potassium)|
|Onion (Cobalt)||Banana (potassium)|
|Cereals (copper)||Cheeses (calcium)|
|Chocolate (magnesium)||Radish (cobalt)|
|Coriander (potassium)||Rosemary (iron)|
|Cumin (iron)||Cereal bran (manganese)|
|Turmeric (potassium)||Pumpkin Seeds (Manganese)|
|Dill (iron)||Flax Seeds (Manganese)|
|Beans (copper)||Soy (iron)|
|Dried fruits (manganese)||Tea (fluoride)|
|Egg (calcium)||Thyme (iron)|
|Milk (calcium)||Vegetables (iron)|
|Butter (calcium)||Yogurt (calcium)|