While many different types of insects in the United States can inflict a venomous bite or sting (meaning they are venomous), the insects most likely to cause medical problems are bees (including the domestic honey bee, the African-like “killer bee” breed, and the bumblebee), wasps (including paper wasps, hornets and yellow coats) and ants (including the fire ant).
These insects are all in the order of the Hymenoptera, and so stings from them are occasionally called Hymenoptera stings.
Since many of these species live in colonies, if someone worships you, you can be stung by many.
While most stitches cause only minor medical problems, some stitches can cause serious medical problems and even death.
Bee and Wasp Stings Causes
Bees and wasps inject poison by firing unhappy people. Sometimes – especially with bees – the sting can remain in the skin. The poison is poisonous and can cause direct damage to the human body. This injury is usually limited to the areas close to the sting or stings.
- Allergic reaction: The vast majority of serious medical problems and deaths are the result of an allergic reaction. This happens in certain people whose immune systems are overly sensitive (or allergic) to the poison. When stung, their bodies can overreact to the poison, and an allergic reaction can occur throughout their bodies. These people are often described as allergic to specific insect stings.
- Some people may die of anaphylaxis from an insect venom (severe allergic reaction). These fatal allergic reactions are common, but not always, in people who have previously had an allergic reaction to the same type of insect.
- While multiple stitches increase the potential hazard in allergic cases, a serious or even fatal allergic reaction (and happens) can occur with a single stitch in a person with no known prior allergic reaction.
- The vast majority of severe and fatal allergic reactions from stings cause a significant and obvious allergic reaction within an hour of being stung. Most stabbing deaths occur within the first hour. Immediate emergency medical attention is critical in known or suspected allergic reactions after an insect sting. In rare cases, severe or even fatal allergic reactions can occur up to four or more hours after an insect sting.
- Other complications: Insect stings in non-allergic people, while perhaps painful, do not usually cause serious problems. However, multiple stitches can cause serious complications (such as muscle breakdown or kidney failure) and, rarely, even death in non-allergic people.
- Especially at increased risk are small children, the elderly and people who are already weak. These serious problems can occur within the first few hours of being stung or may be delayed for days after being stung.
- Even a single sting in the mouth or throat can cause swelling and airway obstruction. Children are at increased risk for this type of breathing problem from a sting.
- A bacterial skin infection at the puncture site can also develop.
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The severity of a stitch is determined by a number of factors. The type of insect, the location of the sting, the number of stings and the allergic sensitivity of the victim can all influence the outcome. 4040 hand details 3 details 3 details details details details 3 hand40 details 3 details details 3 hand details40 hand details40 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 hand 3 3 3 hand 3 3 340 340 3 3 details details 3 3 hand 3 3 details details hand 3
Medical problems of bee and wasp stings are broadly divided into two categories:
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- Immediate pain, redness, swelling, and itching at the puncture site may occur.
- A large (more than four inches wide) local reaction can develop in the next 12-36 hours.
- A bacterial skin infection, although uncommon, can also start during the first 12-36 hours (or even after the first few days).
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- Systemic or allergic reactions (body parts away from the sting are affected)
- Hives (raised itchy bumps on the skin) and itching all over the body
- Swelling of the mouth or throat or both
- Shortness of breath or other difficulty breathing
- Low blood pressure (weakness or fainting)
- In severe cases, there can be severe breathing difficulties, unconsciousness and even death.