The batuque (also called Africanism , the nation of saint and the nation of Orixá ) is one of the Afro-Brazilian religions that spread throughout much of Latin America . [1]


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  • 1 Origin
  • 2 Description
  • 3 Nations
  • 4 The cult of the egún
  • 5 Another cult
  • 6 References
  • 7 Sources


The batuque is the result of the religions of the peoples of the Gulf of Guinea and Nigeria , practiced by the nations

The batuque descends from several African ethnic groups:


*      Yoruba (largely),* Change or change,* Fon (known as yeyé, in Portuguese hehe / yeyé /),* Iyejá,* Nagó or nagô,*      Heard or heard.


The batuque adapts some elements of the Candomblé (costumes, legends, etc.) due, in large part, to the fact that many practitioners of the batuque descend from a religious family with candomblecist currents.

Basically it is a monotheistic religion that believes in a single god (called by various names, such as Oloddumare and Olorum ), who is worshiped through the orixás (messenger energies between men and God, intercessors on behalf of both) each orixá a quality, natural element, passage, and other characteristics of itself. [2]


Then there are some differences between the different lineages within the batuque, which are called “nations”, because despite the fact that the batuque has many nagó and yeye influences, some slaves managed to keep alive some of their differential rites from other nations (such as the holding the bale , [1] for example).

This gave rise to the existence of “nations” within the batuque, such as:

  • jejé or jeje-nagó: in this modality orixás is worshiped, it is one of the most widespread batuque nations.
  • ijexá or ijèsá (/ iyejá /): this modality was influenced by the ijexas, keeping some of their rites alive to this day.
  • oió: characteristic of a cult with egum balé, an element typical of the cabinda and heard them. The cult takes many traditions from the tribe heard.
  • cabinda : This modality is characterized by the cult of Xango Kamuka, which is typical of this nation, its greatest exponent being Don Valdemar of Xango Kamuka.

The cult of the egún

In the batuque there is also the cult of the egún, which is done through the balè, a little house that is separated from the rest of the buildings and is generally located at the bottom of the land or on the front next to the house of Bara Lode and Ogun Avagan, the warriors who are in charge of caring for and protecting the Batuque houses.

Another cult

Another type of cult closely related to the batuque is the Northeast xangó , also with Yeyé-nagó roots.

by Abdullah Sam
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