10 Best Balanced Diet For Patient And Components of Diet

Balanced diet includes all the right nutrients that your body needs.Therefore importance of balance diet is very important for patients, men, women and everyone.Following are some Best Diet in order t make you strong and healthy.

Liquid diet 

The purpose of liquid diet is for easy diges­tion. Sometimes when there is difficulty for mastication or in semiconscious or unconscious patients, liquid diets are prescribed. The following food items are given as liquid diet Tea, coffee, soups, barley water, sagoo water, fruit juice, milk, lassi, horlicks, bournvita, ovaLtine, comp- lan or other ready-made protein drinks.

Soft diet:

Soft diet means easily digestible solid diet hav­ing minimum residue. During convalescence, after liquid diet, patient is brought to soft diet before starting normal or full diet. Soft diets are—suji boiled in water, Idli, gruel, oat meal, custard, ice cream, meshed potatoes, apple sauce, mango, strained vegetables, light boiled eggs, meshed bananas, khichdi.

Why You Must Eat A balanced Diet:Why You need Healthy Eating Diet Plan

Full diet:

This is the normal diet for a patient. This in­cludes carbohydrate, protein, fat and vitamins and minerals in balanced quantity. When the patient is con­sidered fit to digest all ingredients of food easily a full diet then is prescribed.

Low fat diet:

This diet is prescribed for a patient who does not require fat during that particular period as in case of steatorrhoea. On fatty diarrhoea, jaundice patients, diseases or operation over gall bladder when fat is restric­ted. in a heart patient whose blood cholesterol level remains very high, fat is also restricted. The low-fat diets include boiled foods without addition of oil or ghee, chicken, skimmed milk, fruits, bread, chapati, rice, salads, etc.

Salt free Diet:

This means diet without addition of salt. This diet is prescribed in case of high Wood pressure, severe ascites, severe pitting oedema of leg due to any cause, preeclampsia, nephritis syndrome and nephritis.

Low calorie diet:

This means diet providing less calorie. The caloric requirement of a person varies depending on age, type of work, sex, climate etc. An average sedentary worker requires 1800-2400 calorie. A moderate worker requires 2500-3000 calorie and a heavy physical worker requires up to 4000 calorie. A bed ridden patient may require less than sedentary worker about 2000 calorie or less. When a low caloric diet is prescribed it means less than 2000 calorie or about 1200-1500 calorie. Usually to bring down this calorie in low-calorie diet, fats and carbo­hydrates are reduced. So salads, fruits, boiled vegetable comes under low caloric diet.

High calorie diet:

This means increase in all ingredients of blood like carbohydrate, protein and fat to produce excess calorie. Depending on the digestion capacity even one or two ingredient can be increased to increase the caloric value.

Bland diet:

Bland diet means a diet without spices or ex­cess ghee, residue, not to cause irritation to gastric mucosa. The food item or vegetable containing excess cellulose does not come under bland diet. So bland diets are sujal, custard, milk, curd, jellies, sago, ice-cream, soap etc.

High Protein diet:

Protein rich diets like, meat, fish, milk, eggs, dais specially soybean dal, mushrooms are very rich protein source. In vegetables mushrooms contain maximum percentage of protein even more than meat or fish. 100 gm of mushroom contains about 46-50 gm of protein. Next vegetable source is soybean dal (contains 42-46 gm per cent of protein) whereas meat contain 18 to 22 gm per cent of protein.

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