About 0.6% of the world population has autism. Do you know what Autism is and if this disorder can be cured? Find out now in this post everything about the disorder that affects social communication and causes the individual to have repetitive behaviors.
Autism is part of a set of diagnostics called Autism Spectrum Disorders, TEA . Before, Asperger’s Syndrome and other disorders were treated separately.
Now, they are all called ASD, be it the Autism Spectrum Condition, Classic Autism, Kanner Autism, Invasive Developmental Disorder, Highly Functioning Autism and Avoidance Pathological Demand. Find out more now.
What is Autism?
According to the Autism and Reality Institute, Autism Spectrum Disorders are associated “with intellectual disabilities, motor coordination and attention difficulties, and sometimes people with autism have physical health problems, such as sleep and gastrointestinal disorders and they may have other conditions such as attention deficit and hyperactivity syndrome , dyslexia or dyspraxia. In adolescence they can develop anxiety and depression ”.
The autistic person may have attention deficit or hyperactivity, dyslexia or dyspraxia (Photo: depositphotos)
People with autism may find it difficult to perform everyday, simple tasks, but others may be much more independent . That is why each patient has an individual commitment.
Positive characteristics of patients with autism
It is true that autism compromises the individual in his or her common development. However, there are some positive characteristics of patients with autism. Although many have motor and intellectual difficulties, most patients find it easy to learn visually .
Other details also stand out like the above average memory , attention to detail and accuracy . Because of this, many of the patients develop aptitude for music, arts and even mathematics, being able to specialize professionally in the execution of this type of work.
In addition, people with autism are extremely reliable and loyal , which is very efficient in the labor market and in personal relationships.
Does autism have a cure?
No. So far, autism is a permanent condition . Their patterns can be identified in children up to three years old, but it is possible that they are identified in older children, especially if the degree of impairment is less.
The most accentuated characteristics are the lack of social reciprocity, deficit in non-verbal and verbal communication , difficulty in having friendships, unusual behaviors , attachment to routines and fixed interests.
But only a doctor and proper tests can diagnose a person with autism.
What is the treatment for autism?
As it is a permanent condition, the person with autism must be accompanied at all stages of his life . And for each stage there are many treatment alternatives.
Until the age of two, it is essential that the child goes through the speech therapist, as this professional will help him to develop a non-verbal language. During treatment, the child is involved in training that involves playing, games and play activities.
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There are also other methods widely used by professionals, such as Treatment and Education of Autistic and Relate Communication Handcapped Children, TEACCH, which consists of combining colors and materials to facilitate the patient’s interaction with the environments.
Patients are also submitted to the Picture Exchange Communication System method that uses pictures to stimulate speech. Thus, there are several treatments
What are the causes of autism?
Science has not yet found the causes for autism . But some scholars say the disorder affects more men than women and that the disorder may be accompanied by other genetic syndromes.
Another risk factor that is studied by researchers is whether there are cases in the family and whether the parents are older.
The studies work with the hypothesis that the development of Autistic Spectrum Disorders, ASD, to some factors that can occur in the brain, such as the excess of neurons . They also study the possibility of abnormal synapse formation and neuronal migration during pregnancy.
Are there levels of autism impairment?
There are three levels of autism impairment. The first level is when the child has little interest in socialization. The second level is marked by a profound deficit in social interactions and the last and third is that in which children already experience difficulties in communicating verbally and non-verbally.
Autistic takes medicine?
Some patients are prescribed to take certain medications. However, only a doctor can indicate its use.
It is important to emphasize that family members or people close to the patient with autism can never medicate the patient on their own.
Doctors intervene with remedies in specific cases of irritability, aggression, anxiety, mood swings, hyperactivity, impulsivity, outbreaks, difficulty sleeping and anger attacks.
Is there alternative treatment for autism?
The person with autism must be accompanied at all stages of their life (Photo: depositphotos)
This is a controversial topic, as nothing that is regulated or scientifically proven is recommended by doctors.
Therefore, do not look for alternative ways to treat an autistic patient if they are not indicated by the doctor, especially those that involve natural medicines or medication.
The best way to help treat a person with autism is to know their limitations and respect their space, whenever possible maintaining some social interaction without disrespecting the patient’s limits.
Autistic at school
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder should be included in the traditional school. However, the educational center must have a structure to stimulate individual skills.
With this in mind, the Autism and Reality Institute launched a booklet about living with children in these conditions at school. “ Teachers and the school environment are crucial references for the life and development of children and adolescents . At school, students spend hours daily under the watchful eye of trained educators to monitor their learning and socialization ”.
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How should an autistic person feed?
An autistic person’s diet should be as natural as possible. Escape the calorie menus, rich in sodium and fat.
Some patients are even affected by gastrointestinal diseases. This further increases the attention that must be paid to the patient’s diet.
However, even if the autistic person does not have digestive problems, he must go through specialists, such as a gastroenterologist and nutritionist for these professionals to create a specific diet so that health is maintained.