What is appendicitis?
When we hear about people who have removed the appendix, it is usually due to an imminent need within an emergency setting. Appendicitis can cause a wide range of painful complications if not treated immediately. Along with the risk of death from an infected appendix, appendicitis can cause progressive pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and constipation. Most patients lose their appetite, which in turn causes them to lose weight and decrease nutrient reserves. For many years, doctors did not know the true function of the appendix, but, in recent studies, the appendix was found to be an environment for “friendly bacteria”, ie those bacteria that help the body fight infection. Due to appendicitis,
How does it spread?
The two main causes of this painful disease are other infections and obstructions. Infections, especially those of the lymphatic system, can find their way into the appendix if they are of a systemic nature. It is not caused by exposure to someone already infected. The obstruction occurs when a piece of feces, hair or other foreign body is deposited in the appendix and bacteria from these obstructions can then infect it.
How deadly is appendicitis?
The inflammation caused by appendicitis, if left untreated, can cause the appendix to burst. After an appendix explodes, infectious materials are poured into the abdominal cavity and can cause poisoning through sepsis. In extreme cases, appendicitis can lead to peritonitis, which is a much more serious version and can cause death. To prevent such fatal accidents, surgical procedures are preformed to remove the appendix (appendectomy). In fact, an estimated 250,000 appendectomies are performed each year in the United States alone. Due to medical advances, people rarely die of appendicitis in developed countries today. Nevertheless, the disease maintains a 1% mortality rate.
How widespread is this disease?
In many third world countries, appendicitis is a concern, as many do not have adequate access to medical care if they are infected. That being said, it is the population of the developed world that is more commonly afflicted with appendicitis than the third world. The researchers say that the reason for this is due to differences in defecation habits, namely the toilets we use, as they serve as environments to spread other infections and subsequently increase the risk. In western society, it is common for someone to remove the appendix when it is infected and many people go around living unharmed without having one today. Despite its advantageously advantageous purposes, the human body can certainly survive without it.
Is there a cure?
As for the treatment, surgery and removal of the appendix they have been shown to be more effective, although antibiotics are available to fight infections. These surgeries can be performed in two ways. The first medium is through an abdominal incision, and the second is a procedure called a “laparascopic appendectomy”. When appendicitis occurs, cases are usually seen as a medical emergency. As such, it is usually recommended by doctors that patients have removed their appendix rather than relying on antibiotics, due to the low possibility that the disease would get worse in an extreme way.