The anthropology of art has focused on material objects. Less attention has been given to physical functioning (music, dance, theater) despite the pioneering work of anthropologists such as Victor Turner in recent decades. Anthropological approaches to performance are different from performance studies and scope. Anthropologists explore the relationship between society and the dramatic and artistic representations it produces. Anthropological approaches to performance reflect a series of anthropological concerns: social structure, function, meaning, identity, and experience. The study of the performing arts also has much in common with the ethnography of ritual, a richly documented field, but not always one in which the elements of performance receive due recognition. As such, Anthropological performance studies are useful to teach students about socio-cultural diversity as well as the role of different theoretical perspectives in the discipline. Performance anthropology is a relatively new field of research, and therefore no simple introductions or general readers are as yet available. However, many researchers have produced papers and chapters in edited volumes.