Alan Gardiner

Alan Gardiner . He was one of the first British Egyptologists of the middle of the last century. His contribution to Egyptology was the publication of his works on Egyptian grammar.


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  • 1 Biographical synthesis
    • 1 Trajectory
    • 2 Death
  • 2 Contributions and contributions
    • 1 Publications
  • 3 Recognitions and awards
  • 4 Sources

Biographical synthesis

Born on 29 March as as 1879 in Eltham , Great Britain .


He began his education at Charterhouse and was sent to Paris for a year to study under Gastón Maspero , whom he deeply admired. He was fluent in various languages, Greek , Latin , Hebrew, and Arabic .

From Paris , he traveled to England where he married. Gardiner was married to Hedwig von Rosen, with whom he had two sons and a daughter. He dedicated his whole life to studying the language since, thanks to his father, he never felt the need to work. Later he continued his studies of philology in Berlin , with Adolf Erman .

When he arrived in Germany he prepared an Egyptian dictionary that was sponsored by a German academy under the direction of the professor. He spent more than 12 hours a day translating and studying the language, so with the passage of time his health began to decline.

He specialized in hieratic writing and made several trips to the city of Paris and Turin to copy hieratic manuscripts, which would be published by his wife after her death. He always tried to make his works reach all the people who were interested in him, and he personally took care of doing all of them at a low price. Gardiner published what would become his most famous book, Egyptian Grammar , in 1927 .

Due to his economic position, he did not hold “teaching” jobs or accept any university position, but he sometimes taught at the Universities of Manchester and Chicago .


He died on December 19, 1963 in Court Place, Oxford , England .

Contributions and contributions


Book Egypt of the Pharaohs by Alan Gardiner

Precisely when he was 15 years old, he published his first article in the magazine “BIBLE”. He has been one of the most prominent specialists in Egyptian philology, whose contributions have been invaluable in this field. He has also been the author of numerous articles, 220 and 25 books. His greatest discovery was the recognition of the “protosinaitic” writing.

One of his most important works is the Egyptian Grammar , published in 1927 . Egypt of the Pharaohs was published in 1961 , just two years before his death. His list of all known hieroglyphs in the Egyptian language, Gardiner’s List of Signs , was another of the most important contributions of this phytologist.


  • The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage from a Hieratic Papyrus in Leiden (Pap. Leiden 334 recto). Leipzig, 1909(Hildesheim-Zürich reprint] – New York, 1990 ).
  • Notes on the story of Sinuhe. Paris, 1916Etana
  • Ancient Egyptian Onomastica. III Vol. London, 1947.
  • Egyptian Grammar. Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs. 3rd Ed., Rev. London: Oxford University Press, 1957(1st edition 1927). ISBN 0-900416-35-1
  • The Theory of Proper Names: A Controversial Essay. LondonNew York : Oxford University Press , 1957 .

Recognitions and awards

She obtained various honors degrees from educational institutions, Queen’s College, Oxford, the Institute of France , the Egyptian Institute, the Oriental Institute of Prague and various academies: Danish, Dutch, Bavarian, Prussian, Austrian and American.


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