The word abortion refers to the interruption of a pregnancy accidentally or voluntarily. When a woman voluntarily undergoes an abortion it may be because it is an unwanted pregnancy. However, this can also happen due to life- threatening conditions for the woman and the pregnancy must be terminated.
It is important to consider that abortion supposes the death of the embryo that is growing in the female womb. There are numerous reasons for causing an abortion, in addition to those mentioned above. This can usually occur due to lack of sex education and / or in cases where contraceptive methods did not work.
When abortion is caused because it is an unwanted pregnancy, it is questionable and debatable on a social level. Among the main criticisms of abortion are the ethical and moral factor involved in ending the life of the embryo. In many countries, abortion is reprehensible, although others have accepted and legally regulated it.
Abortion is the accidental or voluntary termination of a pregnancy.
It is also important to point out that among the reasons for rejecting abortion are the consequences it entails . In addition to ending the life of the unborn embryo, abortion can have all kinds of effects on the mother . Among the characteristic symptoms of an abortion are abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, infections, among others.
We already mentioned that abortion can have many causes and there are also different types of abortions . Thus, we can mention spontaneous, induced, ethical, surgical and therapeutic abortion. The first is the one that occurs naturally causing the accidental interruption of pregnancy.
In the case of induced abortion, it is when a voluntary interruption of pregnancy occurs. Ethical abortion is quite common and can be due to economic, family, personal or social issues. As for the surgical, it happens by medical intervention through surgery; while the therapeutic is induced due to medical reasons for possible risks for the mother.
Causes and consequences
Before we mentioned in a general way some possible causes or reasons that can lead to an abortion. Among the most frequent causes for an abortion are: unwanted or unplanned pregnancies, lack of sexual education, infections or hormonal problems. It can also be due to the presence of some disease or trauma, addictions, obesity and in cases of rape.
In addition to the causes already mentioned, undergoing an abortion can be due to personal, family or social causes . When the mother does not have the necessary resources to take charge of that life, she does not have the support of her family or they pressure her to end her pregnancy. We must also consider that the interruption or continuity of the pregnancy is a decision that the woman must make in this situation.
Some consequences or counterproductive effects of having an abortion, depending on the method used or the complications that arise, are: Suffering from an infection, bleeding, discomfort, abdominal pain, clotting problems, residues left in the uterus or it is perforated. There may also be psychological consequences, complications in future pregnancies, infertility, and even the death of the mother.