Higher yielding varieties of seeds where on the one hand are relatively better than normal quality seeds. So at the same time, production from these seeds is more than that of normal seeds. Such seeds are a good alternative to seeds for achieving healthy and better crop production. Apart from the ability to fight insects and other diseases, these seeds have another feature that is that these seeds require less irrigation. These seeds have always contributed significantly to Indian agriculture. Under the new agricultural policy, special emphasis is being given to the development and adoption of varieties of seeds with better yield. So that farmers’ income can be increased at a lower cost. In this case, let us know about the advanced varieties developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute –
Improved varieties and yield ( Advanced Varieties And Yields)
Basmati rice varieties developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute like Pusa Basmati 1121, Pusa Basmati 1509 and other advanced varieties of Basmati such as Pusa Basmati 1718, Pusa Basmati 1637 etc. are grown in an area of about 1.5 million hectares of the country and for the year 2018-19 During this Rs. Has earned foreign exchange of 32800 crores. The wheat varieties HD 2967, HD 3086 and other varieties released by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute together contributed about 60 percent to the total wheat production of the country, yielding a total income of Rs 81000 crore.
IARI improved varieties developed by ( Advanced Varieties Developed By IARI)
This year, 34 new species of crops have been developed for better nutrition and higher yield and income, including wheat (9), maize (4), gram (2) and moong, lentil and soybean each; 11 varieties of vegetables; Four (4) new varieties of fruits (two of mango, one each in pumelo and grape) and one (gladiolus) species of flowers are included.
Varieties that provide better yield ( High Yielding Varieties)
Pusa Pickle Cucumber-8 (DG-8) will provide a yield of 80-85 tonnes / ha during the winter season (off-season: November-March) inside the low-cost poly-house. Summer squash Pusa Shreyash (DS-17) will provide 20.0-22.0 t / ha yield in winter season inside poly-house. The Pusa Snowball Hybrid-2 (KTH-DH-1) is the first doubly haploid based on the F1 hybrid, with more uniformity than the traditionally restricted F1 hybrid. Pusa Purple Cauliflower-1 (KTPCF-1) is purple in color and deep pigmentation occurs inside the cabbage flower. The average anthocyanin concentration in the total edible portion is 43.7 ml / 100g. The average salable flower weighs 0.76 kg.