The International World Habitat Day was designated by the United Nations. The resolution designating the first Monday in October as World Habitat Day was approved by the United Nations in 1985. The day is celebrated every year on the first Monday of October. Firstly, the day was created to offer an opportunity for all the nations of the world to take a step back and reflect on the state of things about the city and the cities. Specifically, nations must assess whether their citizens residing in cities and towns have adequate and safe shelter as access to safe and adequate shelter is a fundamental right. Furthermore, the World Habitat Day is designed to remind everyone in the world that the responsibility to design our cities falls on everyone.
Several major cities have had the honor of hosting celebrations such as Washington, DC in 2009, Shanghai in 2010, The Hague in 2007 and others.
Statistics show that over 1.6 billion people in the world are in a housing crisis where they live in homes that are considered below standards. Another 100 million people are homeless. This shocking statistic is one of the reasons why the UN has seen fit to draw the world’s attention to the crisis and find solutions to solve the problem.
The UN has distributed awards to states that have made significant contributions and advances in promoting the right housing program. This award is known as Habitat Scroll of Honor and has been awarded since 1989 by the United Nations Human Settlements Program (UNHSP).
Focus on the celebration
This year’s World Habitat Day (2018) will be marked Monday 1 October. The celebration of 2017 was celebrated and had a theme that revolved around house policies that provide homes at affordable prices for all. The theme for the year 2018 has not yet been announced, but changes every year. Despite the changes in the themes for each year, there are some focal areas of the United Nations that are observed as:
Have social and housing services inclusive of all.
- The creation of sustainable and economic means of transport and energy production.
- Creating and maintaining a healthy living environment that is also safe for everyone. In this regard, vulnerable groups such as children, women, disabled, elderly and young people are favored.
- Job creation to reduce the prevailing high levels of global unemployment.
- The improvement of the slums and at the same time the improvement of the urban centers.
- Improved waste management in urban areas to reduce high levels of pollution worldwide.
- Creating healthy and quality air in urban centers.
- The supply of clean and safe drinking water and the improvement of hygiene levels.
- The creation, promotion and restoration of urban green spaces all over the world.