William Shakespeare facts, is a greatest mystery in the world, and yet his background is not very different from the common folk who came to see his plays. Shakespeare wrote plays that are studied in colleges and universities, yet he only had a basic grammar school education. Today’s most famous movie stars and greatest actors find. Shakespearean roles the most demanding and difficult to play, yet Shakespeare wrote his plays for the people of London who jeered and laughed and cried during performances.
There are many things that are not known about William Shakespeare’s life and times. Because records of daily life were not kept in the manner they are today, no one will ever be able to be sure about many aspects of his life—why he made this decision or that one. His plays, however, show us that Shakespeare was a keen observer of the people around him and the various situations in which he
found himself in life. Shakespeare wrote funny comedies, violent tragedies, and human history plays of the famous kings and wars of England. Shakespeare watched how people behaved and how they treated each
Theater was a other, and he thought hard about what made them popular form
of entertain act that way. Centuries before there were such things as therapists and counselors, Shakespeare understood people.
Basic William Shakespeare Facts:
- William Shakespeare was baptized on the 26th of April 1564.
- Although we don’t know the exact date of his birth, it is likely it was just a few days earlier.
- He was born and brought up in the town of Stratford-upon Avon.
- William was one of eight children born to John and Mary Shakespeare.
- Although none of his direct descendants are alive today, there are a number of people who can trace their family history back to his sister Joan, who was born in 1558.
- He died on the 23rd of April 1616 at the age of fifty-two.
- He was a poet, playwright and actor who are considered the English speaking world’s greatest writer in history.
- Shakespeare is often referred to as the Bard of Avon.
- We do not know a great deal about Shakespeare’s private life; due to this there is plenty of speculation today as to his appearance, beliefs, opinions on a range of matters and – amazingly – even whether he wrote the works we attribute to him.
- Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was eighteen and the couple had three children – Susanna, Hamnet and Judith.
- To the best of our knowledge, Shakespeare wrote thirty seven plays, 154 sonnets and five narrative poems.
- Shakespeare was part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlains men, which later went on to become known as the Kings men when James I took the throne and gave the group a royal patent.
General William Shakespeare facts:
- In 1597, Shakespeare bought the second largest house in Stratford-upon-Avon which (called New Place) but didn’t actually move in until 1610.
- He retired there but did carry on occasionally visiting London until around 1614.
In 1623, two of Shakespeare’s colleagues (John Hemminge and Henry Condell) published Mr. William Shakespeare Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies which contains thirty-six of his plays.
- With his fellow businessmen, in 1599 Shakespeare built a theatre in London on the south bank of the Thames called The Globe.
- The Royal Shakespeare Company today sells around half a million tickets every year for its various performances. The reason that Shakespeare wrote his book of sonnets was because an outbreak of the plague in Europe resulted in all
of London’s theatres being closed for two years, from 1592 to 1594.
- Without the demand for plays, Shakespeare turned
his talents to an alternative literary art form. Some of Shakespeare’s contemporaries looked down on him, particularly because he hadn’t attended university.
William Shakespeare Time:
We know that Shakespeare was born in a time before electricity, television, shopping malls, and cars. Children played by candlelight. Mothers cooked
dinner over big fireplaces inside little houses, and fathers farmed land and grew crops or worked at trades like candle making or printing.
Homes and restaurants called taverns were often dirty places that were rarely cleaned.
There were no refrigerators to keep food from spoiling. People seldom took baths or washed their clothes, so they smelled bad and sometimes even had fleas living on them. All this helped germs flourish and diseases spread. People often got sick or even died from eating bad food or catching diseases. The shortened life span was due in large part to the lack of advancement in medicine at the time. Illnesses were especially common among children, and it was typical that a family would have one child or more die at a very young age.
Here Is Amazing William Shakespeare Facts You Must Understand
Many children did not live past the age of 5, in part because the immunizations that children routinely receive today did not exist at the time. Those who did become sick were subject to the most basic care. Being “bled” was believed to get rid of the toxins in the body. Unfortunately, people who were weakened by illness often became more seriously ill or died as a result of the bleeding. The worst illness of the times was the bubonic plague.
The bubonic plague tormented Europe from about 1348 to the 1690s. Germs for the plague were carried on fleas that lived on black rats, and since many people kept their garbage right outside their door, these rats ran everywhere even inside houses.The plague gave people a fever, chills, and black, painful bumps under the arms and on the sides of the neck. A person who caught the disease was almost certain to die, and it was so contagious that most of that person’s family and friends would become infected and dies as well.
Entire towns and villages perished all at once from this terrible disease. So many people died at once that men drove wagons down the streets collecting bodies. “Bring out your dead,” they would call, and the family would carry out anyone who died during the night. Bodies were buried in large, group burial sites. During the year 1625, one-fifth of the entire population of England died of the plague.
In Shakespeare’s time, people did not understand much about disease as they do now. They did not know that the plague was caused by the fleas carried by black rats. No one knew for sure how to stop the plague, but they did believe it was contagious. So they passed laws that stopped people from gathering in
large groups. As Shakespeare grew up, this law would become very important because it would temporarily close the theaters where his plays could be performed and force him to write poetry to survive.
The plague eventually came to an end when brown rats took over the places where black rats ate and lived. Plague-carrying fleas did not live on brown rats, so as brown rats became dominant, the plague lost its grip on Europe. People of
Shakespeare’s time did not understand this relationship, and they believed the end of the plague was magical or a sign from God.
And yet Shakespeare lived during a time of great progress and growth. He was born during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, a time that has come to be known as the Elizabethan Era.
There were many developments in art and People in Shakespeare’s time believed many things. They also believed that the theater might be evil. Some people enjoyed the theater, but to others, it was against their religion to attend plays.
Science and Europeans were pushing back the boundaries of the known world through exploration of the land, the sea, and even the heavens. Despite all of the advances in knowledge, there was also religious persecution.
Queen Elizabeth was an Anglican, and the head of the Church of England. She supported the torture and even killing of Roman Catholics. Though there is some evidence that Shakespeare’s father was a Roman Catholic or had Catholic leanings, this was kept secret from the neighbors and friends, probably because of persecution and prejudice against Catholics. Publicly, the Shakespeare family belonged to the Church of England, the state church.
William Shakespeare Facts About childhood:
Shakespeare spent his life writing, much life was never written down. In England in the 1500s and 1600s, when Shakespeare lived, written records were not commonly kept. We do know some things about Shakespeare for certain. For example, William Shakespeare, one of the greatest writers of all time, was born to parents who could not read or write.
William’s mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a farmer, but she was related to a family of high social standing in the area. Although she could not read or write, that was common for the time. Very few women of her time were literate, and none of them attended school. If a girl could read, it was because her father or brother taught her at home.
William’s father, John Shakespeare, had grown up on a farm and never attended school, either. He made gloves, aprons, and other items out of leather. He also sold wool and perhaps farm products, and he served for many years on the town council. Before his marriage, it appears that John Shakespeare was having some success in business, since he had purchased two additional homes. When people were married in Shakespeare’s day, the new wife often brought with her a dowry—land and money from the bride’s father that became the property of the newly married couple.
Mary’s dowry was ample, and it added to John’s status in Stratford. For the next few years, John was one of his town’s leaders, moving up to progressively more important offices in local government. Yet even though he eventually became mayor of his town, Stratford, John Shakespeare signed his name with a mark because he did not even know how to write his name.
John Shakespeare and Mary Arden married in about 1557. Five years later, William was born.The exact date of William’s birth is not known, but church records say that he was baptized on April 26, 1564, at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford, England. This tells us that he was probably born in April, and perhaps just a few days before this ceremony. Women of the day were often portrayed as being needy or frail, but Shakespeare’s women are typically strong-willed, confident, and like able. Even when his female characters do bad or mischievous things, the audience generally understands why and has a positive feeling about the character.
Shakespeare’s early life, there are no records to prove that William was ever apprenticed to his father in any way. In fact, there are no written records at all between his baptism in 1564 and his
marriage. So what was William Shakespeare doing? We can learn some things from his plays. For example, William writes as though he knows a great
deal about the law. So perhaps he worked as a clerk in a lawyer’s office. In several plays, he writes about butchery, so he may have helped slaughter animals.
There is a story, which may or may not be true, that helps explain what Shakespeare might have done between leaving school and getting married. According to the story, Shakespeare was sent out of town for poaching a deer from a local squire. English landowners owned all the animals on their property, and it was considered a serious crime for anyone else to kill a rabbit, deer, or any animal, on the landowner’s property, even if the person used it to
feed his family. This crime, called poaching, was punishable in many ways, one of which was being sent away from home. He might also have worked for a time as a live-in schoolteacher at the home of a wealthy family friend. He may have seen plays performed in the house’s great hall by traveling troupes of actors. This might have been his first exposure toasting and stage plays.