The 12 apostles were: Simon (also called Peter), Andrew, James (son of Zebedee), John, Philip, Bartolomeu, Thomas, Matthew, James (son of Alphaeus), Thaddeus (also called Judas), Simon (the zealot) and Judas Iscariot ( Matthew 10: 2-4 ; Luke 6: 13-16 ). They accompanied Jesus during His ministry and were called to proclaim the gospel to the world. According to tradition, only John died of natural causes.
What does apostle mean?
“Apostle” means “sent”. The apostles were 12 people who accompanied Jesus and were intimate with Him. Jesus gave the apostles special training to announce the gospel and found His Church.
After Pentecost, they became the leaders of the early church, teaching what they had learned from Jesus and creating a solid foundation for the growth of the church. They traveled to other lands and founded churches in many places, through their testimonies about Jesus and miracles. Much of the information in the Gospels was probably provided by the apostles.
See here: who was the beloved disciple?
Were there other apostles?
Yes, there were more apostles. After Judas Iscariot has betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, the other apostles cast lots to choose a person to take his place. The chosen person was Matthias , who had also accompanied Jesus throughout His ministry ( Acts 1:26 ).
Paul was also considered an apostle. He did not follow Jesus’ ministry but saw Him glorified in a vision after He was resurrected. He was converted and preached the gospel to many Gentiles. His work was recognized as the work of an apostle ( Acts 14:14 ).
The Bible also lists Barnabas, Andronicus, and Junias as apostles ( Romans 16: 7 ). It was probably people who learned from Jesus or the first apostles and who spread the gospel with the same authority.
Also read: who betrayed Jesus?
Are there still apostles?
The title of apostle is no longer used, as it is generally linked to people who saw Jesus when he was here on earth. But every Christian is sent by Jesus to announce the gospel to those around him. Those who obey this commandment follow in the footsteps of the apostles, who gave everything so that many people would know Jesus.