The people of Algonquin: an overview
The Algonquin people are indigenous to the caresses of North America. Today, those who identify themselves as Algonquin numbers around 16,900, most of whom live on reserves in the province of Quebec in Canada. A smaller population lives on a reservation in Ontario. Traditionally, these individuals speak the Algonquin language, which is closely related to the Ojibwe language and belongs to the Algonquian language family. The oral histories of the inhabitants of Algonquin suggest that thousands of years ago they migrated to the Quebec and Ottawa area from the Atlantic coast. Today, Algonquin works with the Government of Canada in an attempt to preserve its culture and its heritage.
History of the Algonquin
The Algonques lived in this region of Canada for thousands of years before the first contact with Europeans was made in 1603. By 1610, some indigenous peoples of Algonquin helped the French colonists make their way in their search for animal furs. During this period, the Algonquins were at war with the Iroquois, who were allied with the British, and asked the French for help in continuing to assist them in the fur trade. This alliance has resulted in continuous attacks between Iroquois, French and Algonquin.
Between 1755 and 1763, the opposing parties fought in the Seven Years’ War, which ended with the control of Canada by Great Britain. After this, the Algonquin people formed an alliance with the British, also fighting on their side during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Despite this, the British began to sell Algonquin territory historically. This loss of land continued throughout the first half of the 19th century in response to the growing timber industry. In 1850, the Canadian government established the Algonquin native reserves 9 in the province of Quebec and in 1873, protected an area of land in the province of Ontario. Unfortunately, these reserves are only a small percentage of what was once owned by the Algonquin people.
The people of Algonquin today
Today, the Algonquins continue to inhabit the reserves in Canada, which are concentrated around the Ottawa river and the watercourses that feed on it. Sixteen representatives of the Algonquin negotiations represent the interests of the 10 Algonquin reserves and their communities. These individuals are elected by members of the Algonquin gangs for a period of 3. The Algonquin populations of 10 are currently working together and have been since 2004 to resolve a land claim filed with the Government of Canada. This claim, originally filed in 1983, involves an area of 9 million acres around the watersheds of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers in the province of Ontario. This area has a population of around 1.
This community has had numerous controversies with both the Government of Canada and private interests over the past few decades. One of the greatest successes occurred in 1981 when the people of Algonquin worked together to prevent the government from allowing commercial harvesting of wild rice, a traditional food source for Algonquin. More recently, in 2000, the Algonquin gangs prevented the Canadian government from turning an abandoned iron mine into a landfill.