WHICH TYPES OF MATRICES ARE BETTER: TN, IPS, PLS, VA, MVA

Choosing a monitor, the buyer mainly pays attention to the diagonal. More advanced users look at the parameters of the refresh rate, response time, etc.

These are all significant characteristics. But it is equally important to decide on the choice of the matrix that is used at the base of the display. After all, it can significantly affect a number of characteristics.

Each buyer has his own goals, objectives, financial capabilities. Based on what exactly the monitor is purchased for, the corresponding matrices will do. What is the ideal choice in one situation will not work at all in another.

Therefore, you should find out what matrices generally exist, how they differ, what are the similarities between them, and which of them should be preferred in the end.

Actual varieties

Many argue about which is better to take when a VA or IPS matrix is ​​offered to choose from. But these are far from the only options on the market.

Yes, the question will be separately considered as to which matrix is ​​better in the end – IPS or VA, since they are among the most versatile and demanded options. But it is also correct to study all other matrix options offered by manufacturers of monitors for PCs and laptops.

The list of current matrices includes the following varieties:

  • TFT;
  • TN;
  • TN Film;
  • IPS;
  • Pls;
  • SFT;
  • VA;
  • PVA;
  • MVA;
  • OLED;

In fact, the variety of matrices is much more modest than the list presented. It’s just that different matrices have several subspecies and technological features, which allows them to be divided into different categories. But in fact it is one and the same, with some differences and upgrades.

Having studied all the options, it will be possible to draw certain conclusions, which matrix is ​​better to choose in the end for a PC monitor or laptop, that is, a laptop.

TN

Thinking about what type of matrix for the monitor would be better to choose, you should not focus on TN technology. Yes, it is still relevant, but it is considered one of the most outdated options.

Gradually, the standard TN matrix fades into the background. Its place was taken by the TN Film matrix, which is an improved modification of its predecessor. It is preferred and has two key benefits. Namely, high-speed performance in the form of low response time and latency, as well as a low price tag. For such a matrix, or rather for a monitor with such a matrix, a response of about 1 ms is considered normal.

At the same time, the disadvantages here are also significant. Despite their presence, the matrix continues to be produced and actively used. Especially in the manufacture of budget notebooks. Among the minuses, it is worth noting a small viewing angle, far from exemplary color reproduction, low contrast. Plus the depth of the black leaves a lot to be desired. If you work with such a monitor, placing it right in front of your eyes, all these disadvantages become less noticeable.

Much more depends on the specific manufacturer. On expensive monitors and laptops, very solid TN matrices are used, which perfectly cope with their tasks. But in the budget segment, it is difficult to find something worthwhile. Especially against the backdrop of competing matrices.

But the TFT matrix is ​​not quite an independent technology. It is correct to call it a TN TFT matrix. Here we are not talking about the type of matrix, but about the production technology used.

In fact, the only difference from TN is the way it controls the pixels. In the case of TFTs, microscopic field-effect transistors are used, which allows these monitors to be classified as active LCDs. This is not about the type of matrix, but about the control method.

IPS

This is an IPS or SFT matrix, which differ only in name, but in fact are the same. Like PLS matrix. But here you need to make some clarifications.

In fact, IPS or SFT matrix is ​​an upgraded version of TFT technology. Here we managed to increase the viewing angle, which on some devices is about 178 degrees. Also, the color gamut has significantly improved, as close as possible to natural.

IPS monitors are currently the main competitors for TN counterparts and their derivatives. In IPS, it was possible to eliminate a number of shortcomings of its predecessor, but still certain drawbacks remained. Their cost is higher and the response time is longer. Therefore, IPS matrices should be abandoned by those who are planning to buy a gaming laptop or a monitor for games for a personal computer.

But in a situation where you have to work a lot and professionally with graphics, if you need to get high-quality color reproduction, an impressive color gamut, the IPS matrix will be the ideal choice.

As technologies are constantly developing and improving, new types of IPS matrix have appeared. Several varieties can be distinguished here:

  1. Second generation of technology. The pixel structure has changed slightly, the response time has improved, which made it possible to get as close as possible to TN technologies in this parameter.
  2. The next step in improving technology. Here the main task was to increase the contrast and make the matrices more transparent. Thus, they became comparable to S PVA matrices.
  3. We changed the pixel structure again, increased their density. Due to this, the contrast has increased, and the images are homogeneous.
  4. HIPS ATW. This is a special development from LG. It is based on the matrix of the previous generation, where a special TW filter was added, which made it possible to improve the white color. We also eliminated the problem of glare at large viewing angles, and increased them. Such matrices are used on professional-level monitors.
  5. IPS Pro. This development belongs to the BOE Hydis company. The distance between pixels has become smaller, the brightness has been increased, and the viewing angles have increased.
  6. Light transmission has been increased, monitors have become more economical and cheaper due to the use of more affordable lamps for backlighting. The response time has also decreased. With such a matrix, the screen diagonal usually does not exceed 24 inches.
  • Professional matrices with improved color rendering.
  • AH IPS. It has the most impressive viewing angles, increased brightness and improved contrast with a short response time.

It should be noted that the PLS matrix is ​​also an upgraded version of the IPS. Here it was possible to reduce the production cost, as well as reduce the response time to 5 ms. This is Samsung’s development. In fact, these are analogs of the already presented AH IPS and HIPS matrices.

VA / MVA

This technology was developed by specialists from Fujitsu. It is believed to be an intermediate link between IPS and TN technologies. For example, viewing angles here are better in comparison with TN, as well as color rendition, but they are inferior to IPS in these parameters. The same is with the response time. But VA beats IPS in price.

Some are convinced that only VA, MVA and PVA matrices exist. Actually MVA is a modified VA technology. But they are perceived as a whole. And they already have several varieties:

  • This is a variation of VA technology from Samsung. Moreover, the development features are kept secret. At the same time, it is important to note that such matrices have better contrast, and prices have decreased. But in fact, there is no significant difference between MVA and PVA. Therefore, monitors with such matrices can often be labeled as MVA / PVA.
  • Here we managed to improve the performance of the viewing angles. The development is a joint project of two leading companies. We’re talking about Samsung and Sony.
  • Chi Mei is responsible for the development of this matrix. She managed not only to improve the contrast, but also to increase the viewing angles.
  • The next step in the development of SMVA technology. The author of the project is AU Optronics. Their efforts have managed to reduce the response time.

Such matrices are considered the best compromise between two competing technologies. Namely – between TN and IPS. If TN are cheap, but have a number of drawbacks, then IPS are noticeably improved, but at the same time more expensive.

The only major drawback of the MVA matrix is ​​the lack of color rendering as the viewing angle increases. This is especially noticeable in semitones.

Yes, if you use such monitors for everyday tasks, then it will be difficult to notice this. If we are talking about buying a monitor for professionals working with graphics, then for them such a disadvantage may be significant. They’d better take a closer look at other matrix options.

OLED

But OLED displays are noticeably different from everything that was presented earlier. The production technology is completely different here.

But at the same time, the matrices turned out to be very expensive. The complexity of production does not allow introducing the technology to the masses, and producing computer monitors and displays for laptops. But they managed to make great progress in the segment of creating TVs.

Such screens are distinguished by high contrast and brightness parameters. They have great viewing angles, at which there is no image distortion. Energy efficiency was also at a high level. Even TN matrices are superior in response speed.

QD

A technology worth talking about in a perspective context. So far, there is no talk of its global implementation in the production of monitors. So far, the number of QD screens available on the market is insignificant. Plus they are very expensive.

But the technology is devoid of almost all the drawbacks relevant to its predecessors. The only negative is in relation to the depth of black. So far, it has not been possible to surpass the parameters of OLED screens.

What is better to choose

The question remains, which matrix will be better to choose for the monitor, given such a variety of technologies and their modifications. Most often they compare which is better – the VA matrix, or still IPS.

It is also natural to ask which matrix will be better for the eyes, since the issue of preserving vision is very relevant for a user of any age. Still, few people want to sit in front of a harmful screen, which in just a couple of years is able to plant vision. But many people in the modern world have to constantly be at a computer or in front of a laptop screen, since this is their job.

To determine the best type of matrix used for monitors, it is worth comparing all the options presented. It will of course be based on the underlying technology. It is pointless and problematic to compare absolutely all modifications.

Therefore, TN, IPS and MVA (PVA) technologies will be the cornerstone. Yes, OLED can also be included here. But it’s too early to talk about QD displays. They are simply not available to most buyers.

Before choosing one or another matrix for a computer or laptop, they should be compared with each other according to several main parameters.

  • Viewing angle. Here the TN matrix is ​​an obvious outsider. MVA technology comes next with average performance. The IPS viewing angles are higher than the previous options, but they are inferior in this indicator only to OLED and QD matrices.
  • Response time. It is dominated by OLED technology with very low response times. Next comes, oddly enough, the TN matrix. But IPS and MVA technologies have average response times.
  • Color rendering. It is also color efficiency. TN has the lowest. In second place from the end is MVA. It is only slightly inferior to IPS displays. The best in this category are OLED and QD.
  • Between IPS and MVA, you can safely put an equal sign. TN is doing a little worse. OLED has no complaints about contrast and cannot be.
  • Reproduction of motion. It doesn’t really depend on the matrix itself. The question here is rather to the technology itself, that is, to the monitors. Here MVA and IPS are approximately at the same level, while TN is traditionally slightly inferior.
  • The cheapest monitors will naturally be those based on TN matrices. Next come MVA displays. IPS will cost a little more, which is quite expected. And the most expensive monitors will naturally be OLED or QD.

It is important to understand that the final choice of a specific matrix for a monitor is a rather individual question and depends on several factors.

Laptop buyers don’t have many options. Inexpensive models often use TN matrices, although more and more there is an assortment with IPS technology. Variants with other solutions are much less common.

But for monitors for ordinary desktop computers, there are no restrictions on the choice of the type of matrix. The main thing here is to focus on the tasks assigned to the display, as well as on your own financial capabilities. If you need an inexpensive display on which you can do office work, periodically play and watch movies, then even a high-quality TN matrix will be enough.

MVA and IPS matrices are considered more versatile. Only here some points should be taken into account. IPS are good in terms of displaying graphics. They are perfect for designers, solving printing problems. But for active gamers, this is not the best solution because of the response time. An excellent choice for cinema, calm and measured work. For dynamic computer games, it is better to choose an alternative matrix . Although the eyes will not get tired at the same time.

But the VA matrix is ​​not an ideal solution for video games either. It all depends on the specific model and technology used. The simplest options do not respond well to an abrupt change in the picture.

IPS monitors are considered the most popular. And this is a completely natural phenomenon. They are gradually being replaced by OLED displays, which is also expected. The situation in 2020 is unchanged. But there is a high probability that a number of the presented technologies will soon cease to exist. If IPS is still holding, then TN matrices do not have much time left. OLED and QD matrices are the future.

How to find out the type of matrix

Some users who have already bought a monitor or laptop for themselves sometimes did not even think about the question of what kind of matrix is ​​used. And then there is a natural desire to get an answer.

In fact, you can determine the type of matrix in 3 ways:

  • Packaging or technical documentation. If the majority of users stopped storing boxes at home for several years for a long time, then the technical documentation is usually kept. To find out the type of matrix, just look at these papers, and everything will become clear.
  • The Internet. Since even on the monitor itself for personal computers, the name of the model is written, and sometimes it is a rather long index, information can be pushed through online resources. In the case of a laptop, it is important to indicate in the request not only the name of the model, but also the specific modification. Depending on it, a number of characteristics of the same laptop model may differ, including the type of matrix used.
  • Visual experiment. Its essence is to study the features of the image. This largely makes it clear which matrix is ​​used at the heart of the device.

There are some simple guidelines for determining the type of matrix.

The user needs to do the following:

  • If this is a TN matrix, then when viewing a color image from different angles, as well as from above and below, you can see color distortions. The picture will be faded, the white background will start to turn yellow at a different angle. Completely black for TN matrices is not possible. It will be dark gray, but still not black.
  • The easiest way to identify an IPS matrix is ​​to use a black image. It will turn purple if you deviate from the perpendicular axis.
  • If all these features are absent when viewing images on the display, then there are two options. Either this is a modern modification of IPS technology, or already a full-fledged OLED matrix.
  • Defining OLED is also easy. A distinctive feature is the absence of backlight lamps in such monitors. Therefore, black here will be absolutely black, since in this case the pixels are completely de-energized. Even the most advanced IPS matrices will still have a minimum black backlight.

Where to opt for, here each user must decide for himself.

It is also important to understand that focusing solely on the type of matrix is ​​not entirely correct. Smart choice of a monitor for a PC or a display in a laptop requires an integrated approach, where each characteristic is given special attention.

In this case, it is worth focusing on more modern solutions, as well as on the most relevant modifications of the matrices used in monitors.

 

by Abdullah Sam
I’m a teacher, researcher and writer. I write about study subjects to improve the learning of college and university students. I write top Quality study notes Mostly, Tech, Games, Education, And Solutions/Tips and Tricks. I am a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue.

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