The Pyramids, which are the oldest monuments in the world, are in Egypt. They are solid masses of
masonry of enormous size. They are sepulchral monuments which are entered in all cases from the north by
a long passage inclining downwards and then upwards to the centre where the sarcophagus chamber is situated.
The great pyramid u Cheops;” named after the king of that title, has a square base each side of which is 768 feet
long. I t is 480 feet high.