When Was Gautama Buddha Born And Die

Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama or simply Buddha, was a spiritual leader and the founder of Buddhism. His life and teachings have had a profound influence on millions of people worldwide. In this blog post, we will delve into the key events surrounding his birth and passing, shedding light on the timeline of his remarkable life.

When Was Gautama Buddha Born And Die

Birth of Gautama Buddha:

Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, an ancient town in present-day Nepal, around 563 BCE (scholars differ slightly on the exact year). He was born into the Shakya clan, hence his common title, Shakyamuni Buddha. His father, King Suddhodana, and mother, Queen Maya, gave him the name Siddhartha, which means “he who achieves his aim” or “the one who fulfills his goal.”

The Birth Legend: The birth of Siddhartha Gautama is accompanied by a legendary tale. According to Buddhist tradition, Queen Maya dreamt of a white elephant entering her womb prior to Siddhartha’s birth, which was interpreted as an auspicious sign. This dream was later interpreted by Brahmin scholars as an indication that Siddhartha would either become a great ruler or a great spiritual leader.

Passing of Gautama Buddha:

Gautama Buddha’s life is often divided into several significant stages, including his quest for enlightenment, attainment of Buddhahood, and years of teaching. His passing, known as “Parinirvana,” occurred around 483 BCE (again, dates may vary slightly according to different sources).

The Passing: After teaching the Dharma (Buddhist teachings) for approximately 45 years, Gautama Buddha reached the age of 80. He decided to go on a journey with his disciples to Kushinagar, a town in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India. It was during this journey, in a grove of sal trees, that Gautama Buddha passed away.

The Final Words: According to Buddhist texts, Gautama Buddha’s last words to his disciples were:

“All conditioned things are impermanent. Strive for your own liberation with diligence.”

These words emphasize the impermanence of life and the importance of seeking liberation from suffering through the practice of the Dharma.


The birth and passing of Gautama Buddha are pivotal moments in the history of Buddhism. Siddhartha’s journey from a privileged life as a prince to becoming the Buddha, the enlightened one, has inspired countless followers. His teachings continue to guide and provide solace to people seeking spiritual enlightenment and a path to inner peace.

Gautama Buddha’s legacy endures, with Buddhism being one of the world’s major religions, influencing the lives of millions who strive to follow his path of compassion, wisdom, and mindfulness.

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