The Valentine’s Day massacre of February 14, 1929, took place in the Lincoln Park neighborhood. During the era of prohibitionism, five members of the Northern Irish gang in Chicago and two associates were assassinated by the Al Capone gang and other criminal groups. The conflict was an attempt to take control of organized crime in Chicago.
The Masterminds Behind The Massacre
Al Capone organized the massacre to eliminate George Moran. Moran had long established his territory in the North Side gang. Five years earlier, four armed men had shot and killed Dion O’banion, the first commander of the North Side Gang, in his North State Street flower shop. Later, Al Capone’s organization continued to kill every subsequent leader. The plan was to attract Bugs Moran to a SMC cartridge store. Capone’s intention was to kill him and some of his lieutenants. It is said that a reduced-price whiskey shipment was used to attract the North Side gang into the garage. Perhaps the charm was a sweeter affair because that load was provided by a Capone partner from Detroit called Purple Gang. Presumably,
At 10 o’clock, most of the North Siders were in the warehouse. Moran had been late since leaving his apartment at the Parkway Hotel. As Bugs and Ted Newberry approached from the back of the garage, they saw a police car approach the building. The only option was to dodge in a bar. They met Henry Gusenberg and warned him. Willie Marks, a North Sider noticed the police car and slipped into a door, noting the license plate of the car. Lucky for Moran, Albert Weinshank resembled him. Furthermore, his dress code (same overcoat and colored hats) gave him the appearance of Moran. Shortly after his arrival, a Cadillac sedan stopped in front of the warehouse. Two men in police uniforms emerged and entered the warehouse.
The other two in suits and ties ties, hats and overcoats rounded the garage from the back where they found the North Side gang and two co-workers; John May and Schwimmer. The “false officers” ordered the men against the wall to signal the men in complete. The latter opened a Thompson submarine shooting, spraying their victims back and forth, and continuing the assault long after the victims hit the floor. Witnesses say the “policemen” escorted the civilians with the suits under the threat of weapons after the shooting. When the Chicago police arrived, Frank Gusenberg was still alive but with fourteen bullet wounds. At the hospital, the doctors stabilized Frank for a few hours. The police tried to interrogate him about his shooter, but replied: ”
The victims of the massacre
Albert Kachellek (James Clark) was Bugs second in command and brother-in-law. The others were Adam Heyer, who was the businessman and accountant and Albert Weinshank, a cleaner (cleansed and dyed for Moran). Two collaborators also met the same fate. These were Reinhardt H. Schwimmer, partner of the band and gambler, and John May, the occasional mechanic of the group.
Factors that contribute to the massacre
It is said that in that year Frank Gusenberg had made a failed assassination attempt on Jack McGurn, but failed. The northern band had also taken part in the assassination of Antonio Lombardo alias “Il Flagello” and Pasqualino Lolordo (Patsy). The two had headed the Sicilian Union, a local mafia with close ties to Al Capone. The animosity was due to the fact that Capone and Moran both wanted to become the head of Chicago’s high-income smuggling trade. Bugs (Moran) had taken over some Capone companies including several saloons and a dog track. When the police and the FBI carried out the investigation with significant results in 1935, most of the killers and minds of that occult were dead. However, they concluded that Capone ordered the massacre. Nevertheless,