Unsurprisingly, with all these buzzwords like sustainability and carbon footprint, sustainability has become a major global concern.
The IT world has not been left out of this commitment to sustainability. Efforts are being made to make computing more sustainable, hence the term green computing.
This article will explore what green computing is, how it affects design, and whether you can balance performance with sustainability.
What is green computing?
Green computing is a term that has been around for a while, but what does it mean?
Simply put, green computing is a way of designing, manufacturing and using computers that minimizes the impact on our environment.
It can also be defined as any form of energy efficient computing that involves using less energy, using renewable energy sources, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
For example, green computing discourages wasteful practices such as keeping a device running continuously when used only intermittently.
What methods are used in green computing?
Several methods make green calculations. These include green manufacturing, green design, sustainable use and green recycling. Let’s now take a closer look at these techniques.
Sustainable manufacturing is a sustainability process right from the start. This involves using environmentally friendly materials and minimizing energy consumption during production.
To produce a green system, it must have components that do not use harmful chemicals such as halogenated flame retardants. It must also have components that meet stringent energy efficiency standards certified by an environmental organization like Energy Star and green building standards like LEED.
Designing green systems involves making green decisions during the design process to improve the environmental performance of the system. These green solutions must take into account energy efficiency, clean materials, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and reduced energy consumption.
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Some green solutions involve a design-time assessment of the computer’s life cycle. For example, green computing will focus on developing systems with longer useful lives so that they are not replaced as often. It also aims to consider how the system is used in its design.
A green computer also needs to be recyclable and use less energy for transportation. Creation of a sustainable product cycle that starts from the moment of production until the moment when its components can be recycled into a new computer.
Green use technique involves using computers in the most energy efficient way. For example, users should not have to deal with excessive waiting when turning on their computer. The speed of the computer also needs to be adapted to the needs of the user so as not to drain the battery.
Ensuring green use also involves the correct and efficient use of green systems. For example, green computing recommends turning off your computer when not in use to reduce wasted energy.
Other simple methods, including turning off your computer screen or even adjusting its power settings to use less power while you work, are also environmentally friendly computing methods.
Recycling computers environmentally means that computers must be recycled in a responsible and environmentally friendly manner. It also means that computers can be recycled into new computers or other products.
How Do Green Computing Requirements Affect Design?
Green computing affects design in different ways. For example, green computing requires meeting energy needs through power management features, such as sleep modes, and green technologies, such as low-voltage processors, which require less power to operate.
Another way green computing affects design is that green devices are recycled or reused rather than thrown into the trash can, which provides green technologies for other green devices.
The third way green computing influences design is green manufacturing, which involves the efficient use of resources while taking into account the impact on the environment. This means that manufacturing processes must be designed to maximize the reuse and recycling of materials, or to minimize any harmful effects during production or assembly.
Balancing green computing and performance
While green computing aims to reduce energy and greenhouse gas emissions, sometimes it goes against performance.
For example, green computing machines can implement power settings that result in lower system performance than the user expects. It also means that green computers can be designed with components that aren’t as powerful as other consumer electronics.
However, green computing does not conflict with performance, because the goal of green computing is for computers to be used in the most efficient way possible, not for computers to be intentionally slowed down just to ensure sustainability.
The percentage of energy expended in actual computation versus the energy expended in powering computers underlines this. For example, an article published in the International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT) found that of the $ 250 billion spent annually on powering computers around the world, “only about 15% of that power is spent on computing, and the rest is wasted on idling . ”
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The main goal of green computing is to reduce energy consumption and the environmental impact of computers. Performance sometimes suffers, but environmental computing does not conflict with performance; Green computers can still be powerful when designed efficiently.
Environmental computing is more about designing high-quality computers to meet user needs than designing low-performance computers.
Any compromises, even small ones?
Yes. There are trade-offs with green computing. The main tradeoff is that green computing may require users to sacrifice some performance for green computing. However, this does not mean a complete loss of productivity or the ability of the user to access high-performance features.
The performance difference is likely to be negligible for most users. If you don’t notice any difference when switching from optimal mode to battery saving mode on your PC, chances are, the performance degradation will be negligible for you.
Green computing protects the environment
Green computing requires green technologies to reduce energy waste, clean recycling methods to protect the environment, green production, efficient resource use and efficient energy management to save energy. This does not conflict with performance, but it may require users to sacrifice negligible performance for green features.