What is educational psychology,why we need it.There is an ever-increasing awareness where that almost educational problems are ultimately the problems of Psychology. This means that Education and Psychology are intimately and inseparably connected with each other. Psychology is the study of human behaviour, and Education is central aiming at the modification of human behaviour. Thus deal with human behaviour. Psychology studies human behaviour as it can be modified. Thus, Psychology and education are just the two sides of a coin. Educational psycology is, therefore, that branch of educational science, deals with human behaviour and its modification!
According to Peel, Educational Psychology broadly deals with the nature of learning, the growth of human personality, the difference between individuals and the study of the person in relation to society. It is the science of education.
Educational Psychology describes and explains the leaning experiences of an individual from birth through
Educational Psychology is the study of the psychological aspects of educational situation
Lester Anderson has viewed Educational Psychology as an academic discipline. Accordingly, educational psychology
- is focussed on human behaviour,
- is a body of facts and information, gathered after observation, which can be generalised into principles or theories;
- has a scientifically developed methodology to investigate and arrive at useful solutions of the problems in hand.
The information, knowledge and principal methodologies constitute the content of Educational Psychology. They, in turn, provide a basis for modem educational theory and practice.Thus, Educational Psychology is the body of scientific new edge about two activities—education and psychology. Its subject matter is concerned with the conditions that affect learning.
What Is Educational Psychology And The Role of Psychology In Learning
The true nature of Educational Psychology may be from the following points:
Educational Psychology is an applied science; or we applied psychology, because, it is the application of principles to the field of education.
Educational Psychology is a positive science, and not normative science. This means that it just explains the oni facts as they are, and does not pass judgements en Thus, it studies the laws of child’s nature as they are nothing to do with ’ought to be’.
A social Science
al Psychology is a social science. Though psychology studies the individual from the id point of view, its results are applicable to all the i or at least to a group of individuals. Thus, this e social implications.
An Educational Science:
very implications, Educational Psychology deals ~nal problems only. Thus, while general deals with the behaviour of the individual in . Educational Psychology studies the behaviour in educational sphere only.
science of psychology is somewhat general in dies the human mind in its entirety. Educational selects from the total field of general psychology facts and principles that are of specific significance ‘or the process of learning and teaching.
A Practical Science:
Educational Psychology is not merely speculate nature with no relevance to the world of reality. It is utilitarian and practical in nature. The educator and the tc make use of the knowledge of Educational Psychology at step. In fact, effective teaching is impossible without knowledge of Educational Psychology.
A Growing and Developing Science:
The science of Educational Psychology is ever-growing due to constant researches in this field. This science deals with human nature, which is too deep to be probed fully. New facts about about human nature are therefore coming to the fore of account of researches in this field. Thus, the science of Educational Psychology is ever-growing and developing.