You know What Is Forensic Linguistics. It is a field of linguistics which involves the relationship between language, law, and crime. It is commonly known as the study of legal language legal texts. The term forensic linguistics was first recognized in 1968 when a professor of Linguistics, Jan Svartvik, use it in order to assess the claims of Timothy John Evans, who was sentenced to death by a British court on murder charges of his own daughter.
Linguists are required to analyze the evidence of the language component for the sake of civil and criminal investigations.Indeed, there is no sphere of human life that is not touched by communication.
It plays an important role in crime communicating that describe linguistic interactions between ‘legal persons’ and ‘ordinary people’.
What is meant by ‘legal persons’ here includes lawmakers, and regulators, to the police officers?
Both oral and written legal text, are analyzed by a forensic linguist. Legal texts include the text of laws, transcription, recording results of spying against the suspect, and all kinds of text for the purpose of investigation in law and justice.
What Is Forensic Linguistics and How Does It Work?
A professional forensic linguist can be asked his views as an expert witness in a trial that requires linguistic analysis on evidence related to the case. In the process of inquiry and investigation, forensic linguists can also assist the investigation team to carry out, for example, on a phonetic analysis of recorded conversations. In many occasions, phonetic analysis can be used to identify the (owner) sound. A linguist forensics can even cancel the verdict that has been imposed by a court on the defendant.
Level Forensic Linguistic
The level of forensic linguistics is acoustic phonetics, discourse analysis, and semantic.
It is a field of study that combines the science of language sounds with the human voice. It includes a person’s style of speech as proof of a legal case. Some legal cases are working with communication technology, such as cell phones. As a communication tool, the mobile phone is often a means of transportation that are effective for the perpetrators of crimes / criminals. Conversations can be recorded through an analysis of the style of the person’s voice with the original sound. If we do the investigation, with this sequence then the person will not evade or deny.
Discourse analysis is probably the best level of forensic linguistics. Discourse analysis is the practice of the use of language, especially the politics of language. It has an overall correlation in the content of a document. It is used to prove the validity of documents in a lawsuit. Often in legal cases documents are divided into two major categories, informal and formal documents. Discourse analysis enables legal experts to see how the messages are organized, used, and understood by those who are involved in violations of the law.
General semantics explains meaningful knowledge of the meaning of language. A meaning of language is straightforward in its legal use. Therefore, we know what the meaning is called lexical and grammatical meaning. For a proof of a case or a lawsuit, legal experts cannot simply rely on the understanding of the meaning of it. Therefore, an understanding of the meaning of language should be comprehensive and context based.