What are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF, and BMP image formats?

You wonder what are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF and BMP image formats? Then read the following guide carefully, where we will explain a little about these popular image formats.

What is an image format?

Image formats are digital standards, through which information is stored in a visual document. In other words, as the name suggests, these types of files store images .

In any case, there are many types of image format. Each of them saves information in a different way, which makes them very different from each other. Given this, it is necessary to properly analyze each format to understand their differences.

What are the differences between PNG, JPG, GIF, and BMP image formats?

Do you know what are the types of digital image formats that exist ? There are various image formats. Anyway, the most recognized are PNG, JPG, GIF and BMP . Through the following guide, we will make a comparison of each of these formats so that you can choose the most convenient one according to each situation.

JPG and its differences from PNG, GIF and BMP

JPG is a lossy compression image format. This means that images with this extension will be smaller in size , but quality may be affected.

JPG images tend to be of decent quality at a low weight. Therefore, this is one of the most recommended options in case you want to save storage space.

The JPG format is one of the most relevant and that is why we see it often on various websites and social platforms. While it has its downsides, the quality it offers is decent and rarely does the average user need better.


The PNG format is very interesting because it is usually considerably larger than the JPG format. In any case, it offers certain advantages that in JPG are not possible, as is the case of transparency. However, some reason users find it convenient to convert PNG images to JPG without losing quality .

The transparency  allows you to create “empty” spaces within the images. This means that with PNG it is possible to save non-square images (with specific shapes) while maintaining their transparency, something that makes the format especially useful for graphic design.

The PNG format is widely used on websites as it allows for a more stylized appearance. Either way, the format is not the most recommended for complex images or photographs.


Unlike the previous formats, the basic version of the GIF format has a limitation of 256 colors. For this reason, this format is not recommended to store images since it does not offer the best quality and its weight is not the most suitable either.

In any case, the GIF format has an advantage that others do not have and that is that it allows you to use animated images . Indeed, the GIF format is capable of storing moving images and this is why it is known.

The GIF format is also used within various Internet platforms, and it was popularized mainly by memes and similar humorous content. Likewise, it was very popular on older websites.

BMP and its differences from JGP, PNG and GIF

BMP is a format that Microsoft created in 1986 and specifically refers to bitmap images . This format was very popular in the early years of modern computing. Even so, it has its pros and cons that must be analyzed before using this format.

The BMP format is an uncompressed format , so it will offer excellent image quality. In any case, the weight of the images in is usually quite high. Reason why its use in online platforms is not massive. However, users can resize or resize an image with BMP whenever necessary.

Although the BMP format represented a revolution at the time, today new technologies prove to be more efficient, therefore, the format has become obsolete.


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