Physics is a fundamental science from which matter and its movement in space and time are studied , as well as the concepts of energy and force, therefore it studies the universe and its operation. It is a theoretical and experimental science that has various branches of study that help us better understand our reality.
1. Classical mechanics
The mechanics is one of the main branches of physics from which the movement of bodies and the forces acting on these is studied. For this, it uses Newton’s Laws, and it is usually applied in the study of rocket launching.
The electromagnetism is one of the main branches of physics that studies the electric and magnetic phenomena. Describe how the interaction between charged particles in electric fields is carried out.
Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental forces in the universe. This branch is usually applied in the study and development of electronic equipment, electricity systems, among others.
A branch of classical physics that studies the types of energy, especially that derived from heat and temperature, as well as the processes of heat energy transfer and their effects on bodies. Thermodynamics is widely applied in various areas such as the automotive.
See also Thermodynamics .
4. Quantum mechanics
The quantum mechanics is one of the main branches of modern physics that atoms, their properties and interactions, and the behavior of subatomic particles. In this sense, study nature from its smallest dimensions. It is applied in various studies, such as in the behavior of solid bodies.
The acoustics is the branch of physics that studies sound propagation, the phenomena that give rise to even hear how and in what way affects the bodies. These studies are applied in different ways, such as in the design of musical instruments.
The astrophysical studies the bodies found in space, their movements, properties and phenomena. Their knowledge helps us understand how space, stars, galaxies and planets work through the development of astronomical observatories, among others.
Biophysics relies on studies in biology and physics to study how various biological processes are carried out in living things and explain their operation and importance. For example, it lets you know how cellular energy or nerve impulses work.
The kinematics is the branch of physics that studies and describes the movements of solid objects and trajectory as time thus calculates the speed, acceleration and displacement that they can achieve. It is used in various ways, such as in the study of the movement of a spring, among others.
The cosmology is the branch of modern physics that studies the laws governing the universe, its origin and how forces operate between the heavenly stars. Its purpose is to better understand the existence of the universe and determine its future.
The dynamics is a branch of physics that studies the causes of movements of bodies and physical changes in a physical system as well, such forces. Newton’s laws can be applied in these studies, and they are used to calculate the deformation or friction suffered by bodies.
Statics is a branch of physics that is used to study the balance of the forces acting on the bodies that are in a system at rest. That is, its speed is zero, as is the force of its acceleration. It is part of the study of Newton’s laws.
12. Atomic Physics
Atomic physics is a branch of physics that focuses on the study of the atom, its structure, energy states (fission and fusion), the interaction of its particles, and its electronic configuration.
13. Nuclear Physics
The nuclear studies the core atom, which is composed of different particles, such as protons and neutrons, linked by various forces and interactions with each other.
Also, this branch of modern physics studies the release of radioactive energy that is generated through atoms, and that results from great impact. Nuclear physics is often applied in nuclear plants in order to generate energy.
14. Medical Physics
It is a multidisciplinary branch in which the knowledge of physics, biology and medicine is applied. It serves to establish principles and methods to obtain better medical diagnoses and treatments, as well as to prevent various diseases. It is applied in the area of medicine and human health.
15. Molecular Physics
Molecular physics studies the physical properties of molecules and the interaction of their atomic structures. Therefore, it is related to other studies on optics, biology, material studies, among others. This branch of physics can be applied, for example, in fundamental studies on the interactions of electromagnetic fields.
It is the science that studies the Earth from the methods and principles of physics, therefore it uses the studies of mechanics, electromagnetism, radioactive phenomena, among others. Likewise, geophysics is divided into two branches, which are internal geophysics and external geophysics.
17. Fluid Mechanics
The mechanics of fluids is intended to study the dynamics or behavior of liquids and gases in a state of rest or movement. This branch is applied in studies related to hydraulic or fuel systems, among others.
The meteorology is a science that studies the atmosphere and its components. He uses various knowledge of physics to study and analyze the states of weather, meteorological phenomena, the atmosphere, the movements of air and water on the Earth’s surface, among others. This branch of physics allows us to make weather predictions.
The optics is the branch of physics that studies light and its behavior and its effects on other bodies and their properties from the luminous phenomena and light energy. Even this branch studies the vision and perception of light by humans. Optics is applied in the development of optical fibers and in optoelectronics.
The relativity is part of the theories developed by Albert Einstein to study physical events considering that time and space are relative and not absolute, since they take into account the different views of observers.
Einstein’s theories transformed the principles of physics by incorporating the concepts of space and time, as well as studies on gravity, cosmology, and astrophysics, among others.