Nagorno-Karabakh is located in a landlocked region in the southern Caucasus areas of Azerbaijan. a lie between the lower Karabakh in Armenia and the Zangezur mountains as it covers the southeastern chain of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains. It is recognized as the part of Azerbaijan, but its intriguing government takes the form of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, and is founded on the basis of being an autonomous region. With the end of the war in the region in the year 1994, the governing bodies of Armenia and Azerbaijan held ongoing peace talks. The region is located at about 3,600 feet above sea level, and there are notable peaks in the Murovdag border mountain range and the Great Kirs mountain range.
The people of Nagorno-Karabakh historically belong to the Kura-Araxes culture, which lies between the Kura and Araxes rivers. The place has long been occupied by local tribes and migrants, and these peoples, unlike their neighbors, did not belong to Indo-European groups. The Armenian culture subsequently developed in the medieval area of Nagorno-Karabakh. The region witnessed great changes in the High Middle and Late Middle Ages, as the upper area of Karabakh had been given to the local Armenian princes to rule. When there were internal conflicts in the region during the middle of 18 th Century, led to the formation of the Karabakh Khanate by the Turkish and Persian rulers, until it was conquered by the Russian Empire in 1806. The most recent war in the region also found its roots in the conflicts that occurred during the period under Soviet rule .
The country’s economic system has been negatively influenced by the many internal conflicts observed over the years. However, in the new millennium, many international investments from Russia, the United States, France, Australia and Iran have arrived in the region to fuel its growth. Many sectors have also flourished in the country, such as the development of Karabakh Telecom to regulate and provide telecommunications services in the region. Since 2002, copper and gold mining has also developed, and the wine industry has also benefited from the economy as a whole. Since there are many cultural sites that tourists can visit in this area, places like the Amaras monastery, Gandzasar monastery and the Yerits Mankants stimulate the economy through tourism.
“We are our mountains” (“Tatik yev Papik” in the eastern Armenian dialect) is displayed on the Nagorno-Karabakh emblem, and at Stepanakert one of the largest historical monuments in the area has the same name. The Artsakh State Museum is also known for its ancient artifacts and the restoration of Christian manuscripts. The region has many of its musical groups, which conduct performances of many nationalist songs to distinguish them as a unique and independent culture. People from the region are also interested in sports such as the football (soccer) association, basketball, volleyball and sailing. The largest group of believers in the country belongs to the Armenian Apostolic Church, an Eastern Orthodox Christian body.
Habitat and ecology
The habitat and ecology of the region are largely dominated by the unique Plane Trees that cover significant parts of the region’s land area. There is a hunting reserve in the place where various animals and birds are protected, including roe deer, mountain goats, wild boar, partridges and many other species. There are various types of protected reserves and coasts that have been formed in the Nagorno-Karabakh region to preserve these endangered species.
Conflicts in progress and territorial disputes
There are many conflicts going on in the area between Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan as they cannot completely resolve conflicts with one another. The approved ceasefire referenda are also violated, especially from Azerbaijan. Many peace negotiations have been held in the region, but the threat of war still continues in this particular region of the world.