Wedgwood porcelain. It is a particular pottery , which was created in 1739 in England . The universal acceptance of English cream colored fired clay took place , it was mainly due to the effort and skill of Josiah Wedgwood . Wedgwood had an extraordinary gift for organization and, combined with a high degree of technical experience, resulted in the industrialization of ceramic production; the first great step of the Industrial Revolution .
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- 1 History
- 2 Formula
- 1 In Cuba
- 3 Sources
The thirteenth son of potter Thomas Wedgwood , Josiah, became an apprentice potter at the age of 14 with his brother Thomas. In 1754 Wedgwood joined Thomas Whieldon of Fenton, and in 1759 he opened his own factory in Burslem, making pottery of all contemporary types from Staffordshire. Wedgwood not only incorporated all the technical advances of the 18th century into his work , but continued to develop them in his thriving cream ceramic production. In 1764 he obtained the patronage of Queen Charlotte and renamed his products as Queen’s Pottery. In 1769 he opened a brand new factory in Etruria, where he took the development of his cream ceramics further, adding china stone and kaolin to the paste he was using, to give it a whitish blue color and a louder paste that could even be made thinner without loss of resistance. This pearl ceramic, as it was called, rivaled porcelain in delicacy and color . In 1774 he presented his Jasper ware cameo pieces . Jasper vessels were introduced in 1775 to achieve significant success, especially with the new buyers of the newly established democracy in the United States of America .
“There is no object too rich or too expensive for Americans.” Josiah Wedgwood
Artists like George Stubbs or John Flaxman designed models for those pieces. In the 21st century , the Wedgwood brothers’ factory continued to make tableware and decorative objects.
The base of Wedgwood cream ceramics consisted of simple and resistant shapes, and although the work of the silversmiths was often emulated in the decoration, the clay was used directly and fortunately. The decoration was limited to simple, sharp-edged molding, rows of beads, and some openwork drawings, but with little or no painting. Only later did Wedgwood apply traced and enamelled drawings to his ceramics. Contemporary excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum at this time captured public interest and encouraged Wedgwood.to develop your neoclassical taste; he made dry, unglazed vessels with the surface imitating, in quality and color, stones such as jasper, basalt, and onyx; These were decorated with fine, translucent relief sconces, with classic motifs such as dressed figures and flower garlands.
The Museum of Cuban Historical Environment in Santiago de Cuba is a site that has given space to this type of unique porcelain with a unique texture, where you can observe the classic rules of this type of pieces that still delight British tables, constituting the Today a wedding gift that shows an identifying feature of English culture