Can pregnant women be given vaccinations? Or is it not recommended? In fact, some vaccines may still be given during pregnancy, although there are indeed some types of vaccines that are prohibited. Come on, find out more here!
Why the hell should do vaccinations during pregnancy ? This is necessary because the vaccine can stimulate the formation of antibodies in the mother’s body, which will then be passed on to the baby in the womb, so that both are protected from disease. Depending on the type of vaccine, there are vaccines that need to be given while pregnant, but there are also those that can only be given after the baby is born.
Vaccines may also be recommended by doctors when mothers who want to get pregnant start preparing for the pregnancy program .
Vaccines Allowed When Pregnant
Pregnant women need to know the types of vaccines that are generally given during pregnancy to support the health of mothers and babies, including:
Influenza vaccine that contains a virus that has been deactivated, can be given to pregnant women, especially in the transition season. This vaccine is needed because pregnant women are more at risk of complications due to flu which can cause preterm labor. In addition, babies born to mothers who get the flu vaccine while pregnant have a lower risk of catching the flu.
Hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B vaccine is needed especially for pregnant women who are at high risk of having hepatitis B, for example having a history of changing sexual partners in the past 6 months, having a partner who has hepatitis B, had used injecting drugs, or had experienced a sexually transmitted infection. If after testing, it is proven not infected with hepatitis B, pregnant women can undergo hepatitis B vaccination. This vaccine can protect babies from infection, both before and after birth.
DPT vaccination is recommended at 27-36 weeks gestation, to prevent diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus. If not done during pregnancy, DPT vaccination can be given immediately after the baby is born.
But be careful, if pregnant women have a history of allergies to the ingredients contained in the vaccine, it is necessary to consult a doctor first, yes. For example, an allergy to eggs which is a means of making influenza vaccines.
Pay attention to vaccines that are Prohibited on Pregnant Women
Pregnant women also need to know what vaccines are not allowed during pregnancy, because it is feared it can increase the risk of miscarriage, congenital abnormalities, and premature babies. Let’s check the information, Bumil!
- Vaccine h epatitis A
Hepatitis A vaccine should not be given during pregnancy because its safety has not been tested. Pregnant women who are at risk of exposure to the hepatitis A virus, you should consult a doctor.
- Vaksin Measles, mumps, rubella(MMR)
After receiving this vaccine, a person needs to wait at least one month before deciding to get pregnant. If during pregnancy pregnant women are known to be not immune to rubella , the MMR vaccine can be given after pregnancy.
- V aricellavaccine (chicken pox )
Chickenpox vaccine cannot be given during pregnancy. This vaccine can be given at least a month before becoming pregnant.
- Pneumococcal Vaccine
The level of safety of pneumococcal vaccine (PCV) against pregnancy is not known with certainty. So this vaccine should be avoided, Mother. If you are at high risk for pneumococcal infection, or suffer from chronic diseases, it is recommended to consult further with your doctor.
- Vaccines P olio
The polio vaccine is available in oral form ( oral polio vaccine / OPV) made from attenuated poliovirus, or in the form of injections made from inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Although inactive vaccines are available, they are not recommended for pregnant women, unless they are at high risk for polio infection. In this condition, IPV can be considered.
- Vaccine HPV
Vaccines that play a role in preventing the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer are not recommended for pregnant women. If the HPV vaccine has been given before pregnancy, the administration of the remaining vaccine dose can be postponed.
- Vaksin BCG
This vaccine is an active vaccine, which functions to provide protection against tuberculosis . Because its safety in pregnancy still needs to be further investigated, it should not be given while pregnant.
So, it can be concluded that generally vaccinations given to pregnant women do not contain germs that are still active. Even so, in some special cases, a live vaccine can be considered to be given during pregnancy, that is if the risk of infection is greater than the risk of the vaccine.
If you are still confused about vaccinations that are allowed or prohibited, Bumil is recommended to consult a doctor . That way, vaccines obtained by pregnant women can provide optimal protection and pregnant women avoid the risk of improper vaccination.