Land of Kings’ Rajasthan is the largest state of the Republic of India located in the northwest of the country. The sprawling desert, huge fortifications, many mythological temples, colorful costumes, majestic camel rides, ancient folk traditions and rich handicrafts are the hallmarks of this state. Rajasthan has a vast and glorious history within itself.
Historically Rajasthan has been divided into states like Mewar, Bharatpur, Kota, Jaipur, Bundi, Marwar, Alwar etc. The Mewar state of Rajasthan is situated between the impregnable and enchanting mountain ranges of Aravali. The heroic maternity land of Mewar, reflecting unprecedented valor, sacrifice, Rajput prestige, gave birth to heroes like Rawal Bappa, Rana Kumbha, Rana Sanga, Rana Pratap. It has also been the land of great heroes like Rani Karnavati, Rani Padmini and Panna Dhay. Mewar was ruled mainly by the Gehlot dynasty.
Chittor was the capital of Mewar for many years. Rana Udai Singh, in 1559 AD, as part of the plan to relocate the capital to a safe place due to frequent Mughal invasions. Established Udaipur city and made it the new capital of Mewar.
Venice of Asia – Udaipur: –
Udaipur, the city of lakes, is also known as ‘Venice of Asia’. Rajasthan has many excellent specimens of architecture and architecture, but the thing about the City Palace of Udaipur is unique. Maharana Udai Singh built this palace on the banks of Lake Pichola. This palace has also been the residence of the royal family for 23 generations. Part of the City Palace is open to the public, part is a hotel and some part is the residence of the Maharaja.
City Palace: –
The City Palace is made of marble, it is shaped by a large ship. The part which is open to the public has two parts. Mardana Mahal and Zenana Mahal. Mardana Mahal has many museums and philosophical sites such as Badi Paul, Toran, Tripolia, Manak Chowk, Ashalkhana, Ganesh Devadi, Rai Aangan, Pratap Haldi Valley Room, Bari Mahal, Dilkhush Mahal, Kanch Burj and Mor Chowk. While Zenana is in the palace, Silver Gallery, Architecture and Conservation Gallery, Sculpture Gallery, Music, Photography, Panting and Textile and Costume Gallery. It takes 2-3 hours to get into the history of City Palace and Mewar. City Palace is open for tourists from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm. The entrance fee here is Rs. 30. Rs 15 for adults and Rs. Is for minors. Also, if you want to take the camera inside, then you will get Rs 200. Additional fees will have to be paid.
Lake Pichola : –
The huge Pichola Lake is seen from the jharokho of the City Palace. This artificial lake was built by Picchu Banjara in 1362 AD during the era of Maharana Laksh. The lake is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains, palaces and bathing ghats. A boat ride in Pichola gives you a feeling of joy in the morning, while in the waning evening, this lake surrounded by mountains and palaces fills with thrill. Apart from Pichola, Fateh Sagar is the second major lake of Udaipur. The lake was built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1678 but was rebuilt by Maharaj Fatehsinh in 1988 due to damage in a flood. Local cuisine shops are special attraction for tourists in the evening on the road along the Fateh Sagar Lake. The beauty of the lake captivates the tourists while boating in the evening.
Fateh Sagar: –
Moti Magri is situated near Fateh Sagar Lake. In the local language, the mountainous or elevated terrain is called Magri. On this hill there is a memorial of Rana Pratap and his loyal horse Chetak. Rana Pratap has an 11 feet high statue riding on Chetak in the middle of the garden. Apart from this, a museum is also situated on this hill which gives a glimpse of the battle of Haldi valley. The hill offers beautiful views of the Aravalli Range and the Fateh Sagar Lake.
Moti Magari: –
The Bari of Sahelis is also a prominent place in the main scenic spots of Udaipur, as it is understood by the name, Saheli’s Bari was built by the ruler of Mewar Maharana Sangram Singh II (1710-1734) for the women of the royal family. It is said that Maharana Sangram Singh ji himself took extreme interest in building this garden. Later too many Maharanas took interest in its development.
Maharana Fateh Singh ji had got the fountain pool from England to get the fountains in it and during his reign only the fair was started in the garden on the second day of the Hariyali Amavasya fair at the behest of his queen. This garden is located near the Fateh Sagar pond and underground water pipeline from Fateh Sagar to the garden was laid, due to which the fountains used to run very forcefully without electricity and motor during that period. The entire complex is adorned with very beautiful gardens and a variety of flowers.
Talking about the grand example of Udaipur’s grand and architectural style, it is natural to mention the Jagdish temple . Jagdish Temple is a very beautiful, ancient and famous temple of Udaipur. This temple is located near the Royal Palace in Udaipur. This temple is an excellent example of Indo-Aryan architecture. It was built by Maharana Jagat Singh in 1651, at that time Udaipur was the capital of Mewar. This temple is about 400 years old, it is the largest temple in Udaipur. The image of the four-handed Vishnu enshrined in the temple is made of black stone. The temple rests on 50 artistic pillars. The time of darshan in the temple is from 4:15 to 1 in the morning, and from 5:15 to 8 in the evening.
Jagdish Temple: –
Udaipur is famous for its lakes and palaces but the markets here also entice you to shop. If you are fond of shopping then definitely go to Shilpgram. It is located on the outskirts of Udaipur near Fateh Sagar Lake, there is a traditional haat (market) in which furniture and other goods are sold along with pottery, wood carving and terracotta workmanship.
Local artisans and artists showcase their art, besides camels and horse riding can also be enjoyed. There is also an open-air restaurant. Apart from this, you will also find a huge market near the City Palace which is full of local jewelry, shoes, bags, clothes, decorating houses.
Being an important city of Rajasthan, Udaipur is connected to all important places by road, rail and air. Udaipur is a city full of joy and familiarity. Your Udaipur visit will definitely be one of the memorable journeys.