The good weather encourages more plans to be made away from home, to increase weekend getaways and, finally, the expected holidays. During the summer period, the pharmacy becomes, more than ever, the place of reference to solve health needs and seek advice.
Among the most frequent queries are those related to the skin. Among the most common conditions such as hyperpigmentation such as melasma , solar lentigo or lentigo malignant melanoma , insect bites, fungi , acne , actinic keratosis or even possible carcinomas, among others, stand out.
Gema Herrerías, pharmacist and member of the dermocosmetics of the Official College of Pharmacists of Seville, explains what some of them consist of and how they can be treated:
The expert indicates that the hyperpigmentation of greatest consultation in the community pharmacy is melasma, which usually affects the malar region, the upper lip, the chin and the forehead. “It is very frequent in young women who take or have taken oral contraceptives and during pregnancy, ” clarifies Herrerías.
Regarding treatment, insist on using sunscreen every morning combined with a depigmenting product at night and / or in the morning, depending on skin tolerance. The depigmenting product can be found in different textures, depending on the type of each skin.
The acne is an alteration in the production of sebum with proliferation of Propionibacterium acnes. This causes open and / or closed comedones to appear, as well as possible inflammatory lesions such as: papules, pustules, nodules, cysts or scars.
“Acne treatment varies depending on the prevalence of comedones or inflammatory lesions,” says Herrerías. “Azelaic acid or benzoyl peroxide are very helpful in addressing it in milder cases, unless medical prescription therapy is required in moderate to severe cases.”
The most frequently consulted itchy lesions are insect bites or hives . In urticaria lesions called itchy bumps with raised edema appear. “In the case of bites, the reaction is localized with itching in the form of an excoriated papule that can even form a blister,” says Herrerías.
In these cases pharmacists often recommend products that contain ammonia or calamine to relieve symptoms.
Burns are alterations or losses of substance on the body surface produced by contact with different agents. They can be due to thermal, electrical or chemical agents. According to their depth, they are classified as first degree or epidermal, second degree or dermal, third degree or subdermal. “We will consider critical burns to those that affect the face, folds, hands, feet, external genitalia and circular burns on the limbs,” says the expert.
The burns must be cleaned with saline solution and, as specified by Herrerías, if they are first grade, they will be treated with a repairing moisturizing cream with gotu kola that will be applied two to three times a day. The superficial and small second degree ones must be treated with a wet cure, removing the skin from the blisters.