Types of Tenses (Kinds of Tenses)

How to distribute tenses based on the time frame. When viewed from the time frame, the tenses are divided into 4, namely:

  1. Past– for the event or action that happened IN THE PAST .
  2. Present– for events that occur NOW .
  3. Future– for events that WILL happen in the FUTURE .
  4. Past future– for events that WILL come PAST .

Example sentences in tenses:

Past: She ate noodle yesterday .

(She [woman] ate noodles yesterday. ‘Eating’ action happened yesterday).

Present: She eats noodle now .

(She [woman] eats noodles now. The action of ‘eating’ happens at this time).

Future: She will eat noodle tomorrow .

(She [will] eat tomorrow. The ‘eat’ action will occur tomorrow).

Past Future: She would eat noodle.

(He is a man who will have eaten noodles. The action of ‘eating’ will occur the next day, in an event that has taken place in the past).

In the example above, it can be seen that the sentence structure that is located in the Past, Past Future, Present, and Future is the same at each time of the event (SPO or SPOK). However, the verb or verb used is different at different times.

In terms of Verb2 for Past , Be2 Verb 1 for Past Future , Verb 1 for Present, and Will Verb 1 for Future . This is the type of tenses or grouping of tenses based on that time.

Grouping tenses by type verb

Besides being based on time, tenses can also be grouped based on the type of verb or verb used in the sentence. There is a fair distribution of tenses based on the type of verb, namely:

1 # Indefinite / Simple

In the type of infinite tenses or simple tenses , the verbs used are different, namely:

  • Verb 1is used to indicate an action or situation at the present time ( present ),
  • Verb 2is used to indicate an action or situation in the past or the past ( past )
  • will / shall + Verb 1 isused to indicate an action or situation in the future (future)
  • ould / should + Verb 1 isused to indicate an action or situation in the future in the past.

2 # Continuous / Progressive / Participal / Incomplete

The verb used in this type of tenses is to be + Verb-ing. In use, to be changes according to the time of the action. The following statement:

2.1 # Perfect / Complete

The verb used is Verb 3. Verb 3 here is used to indicate an action or situation that started in the past and the action still continues to the present, or even has been completed at a certain point in time in the past, but the effect is still continuing ( Perfect ).

2.2 # Perfect Continuous

The verb used in this type of tenses is to be + been + Verb-ing. The use of To be changes according to the time of the action.

How to Divide 16 TENSES

After understanding the two types of ways of dividing the tenses above (based on time and based on the type of verb , then we can draw conclusions. The conclusion is ‘we can classify into 16 types of tenses’.

The following is a list of the 16 tenses along with examples of sentence tenses for easy understanding.

1 # Present

1.1 # Simple

–Ex = Mr. Deddi works .

1.2 # Progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi is working .

1.3 # Perfect

–Ex = Mr. Dedi has worked .

1.4 # Perfect progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi has been working .

2 # Past

2.1 # Simple

–Ex = Mr. Deddi worked.

2.2 # Progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi was working .

2.3 # Perfect

–Ex = Mr. Deddi had worked .

2.4 # Perfect progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi had been working .

3 # Future

3.1 # Simple

–Ex = Mr. Deddi will work .

3.2 # Progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi will be working .

3.3 # Perfect

–Ex = Mr. Deddi will have worked .

3.4 # Perfect progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi will have been working .

4 # Past Future

4.1 # Simple / present conditional

–Ex = Mr. Deddi would work .

4.2 # Progressive / present conditional progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi would be working .

4.3 # Perfect / past conditional

–Ex = Mr. Deddi would have worked .

4.4 # Perfect progressive / past conditional progressive

–Ex = Mr. Deddi would have been working .

So, this is the method of how to distribute tenses or how to group tenses so that we can recognize 16 kinds of tenses. Hopefully by understanding how to distribute these tenses, we can get a better understanding of each type of tenses.

Regarding the easy way to memorize and understand each of the sixteen tenses in another article on this website. In addition, there are also explanations about each of the tenses that are made in more detail.

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