Many people with sexual disorders do not realize and do not understand the sexual disorders they suffer. Even though this condition can make the people around him feel disturbed. Patients with sexual disorders also often feel uncomfortable, but are unable to fight it, they don’t even know how to avoid and overcome it.
In medicine, disorders or deviant sexual behavior that occur repeatedly are called paraphilia. It is called deviant because this desire and behavior generally involves a form of activity, object, either person or thing, or situation that is not normally sexually stimulating.
Recognizing Types of Sexual Disorders
The types of sexual disorder paraphilia are very diverse. The following are some of the common sexual disorders:
People with peodophilia have fantasies, interests, or deviant sexual behavior towards young children, younger than 13 years of age. Meanwhile, pedophiles who have sexual attraction towards children under 5 years of age are called infantophiles.
This deviant sexual behavior includes inviting the child to see the perpetrator masturbating , inviting the child to be naked, touching the child’s genital organs, or even engaging in sexual activity with children.
Some perpetrators only show this behavior to close relatives, including their own children. Pedophiles often threaten their victims so that their behavior is not known by others.
Exhibitionism is a behavior when someone often shows their genital organs to strangers. This person has a tendency to want to surprise, fear, or impress a stranger with his behavior. Although usually not accompanied by further actions, such as attacking other people, there are times when this person dares to masturbate in public while exposing his genitals.
The behavior of gaining sexual satisfaction by peeking at or observing people changing clothes, bathing, or engaging in sexual activity. Peeping does not aim to have sexual contact with the victim. Generally, people with this condition only masturbate while peeking.
People with proteurism have a tendency to rub their genital organs against the body of strangers, including in public places. This sexual disorder is most often found in men aged 15-25 years with behavior that tends to be shy.
People with fetishism have a sexual desire for inanimate objects, such as women’s underwear or shoes. The sexual desire of a person with fetishism will be aroused by touching or using these objects. These objects are sometimes used when having sex with other people or sometimes even in place of actual sexual relations with other people. There is also another disorder called partialism, which is sexual attraction to certain parts of the body, such as the chest, buttocks, or legs of another person.
Transvestitism is the behavior of heterosexual men who like to dress and dress up as women to arouse sexual fantasies or arousal. In order not to be caught, some men who suffer from this disorder find satisfaction by wearing women’s underwear under the clothes they wear daily.
- Sexual masochism
A person with masochism achieves sexual satisfaction when he is subjected to violence, either verbally or non-verbally, such as being bitten, tied up, or verbal humiliated. People with masochism can cut or burn themselves. Often people with masochism disorder seek partners who achieve sexual satisfaction by engaging in violence (sadism). Sadomasochism couples, where one is a masochist and the other was a sadist, usually sexual activity include entanglement or bonding ( bondage ), beating on the buttocks ( spanking ), or simulated rape.
- Sexual sadism
People with sexual sadism constantly have fantasies and get sexual satisfaction from torturing their partner psychologically and physically, such as rape, torture, or even murder. By doing this behavior, the sufferer feels in control of the victim. Perpetrators of sadism can be subject to criminal penalties and need to receive intensive care from a psychiatrist.
What Causes This Disease and How to Manage it?
Paraphilia is more common in men than women. Until now, the exact cause of paraphilia is unknown. Even so, there are several conditions that are thought to trigger paraphilia, including:
- Trauma in childhood, for example the perpetrator has experienced sexual harassment from another person.
- Difficulty expressing feelings and difficulty starting relationships with other people.
- Repeatedly obtaining pleasurable sexual activity towards certain situations and objects, so that sexual deviations are formed in those situations and objects.
The main goal of treating paraphilia is to limit criminal behavior and reduce discomfort to the sufferer. In general, paraphilia needs to be treated by doctors and psychiatrists in the long term, by:
- Psychotherapy , including individual psychotherapy to change behavior and family therapy.
- Medicines, to reduce fantasies and a tendency to deviant behavior, such as antidepressants and antiandrogens.
- Hormone therapy, to reduce sex drive and dangerous behavior.
- Alcohol and drug abuse therapy, if the sufferer is also having problems in this regard.
Treating sexual disorders is very important to do. Because if not treated immediately, sexual disorders can endanger oneself, family, social relationships with other people including spouses , work, and the general public who are at risk of becoming victims. Pedophilia, voyeurism, sadism, exhibitionism, and touristism are all criminal offenses and are punishable by criminal penalties.